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On Regulating the Synthesis of Nitrate Reductase

  • Curtis A. Carlson

Abstract

Denitrification plays an important role in the nitrogen budget of soil and water. It is carried out only by bacteria and provides a means for them to generate metabolic energy anaerobically, by utilizing various nitrogenous oxides as terminal electron acceptors in place of oxygen. Reduction of nitrate to nitrite, the first step in the denitrification pathway, is catalyzed by dissimilatory nitrate reductase (DNR). It is clear that study devoted to the structure and function of this enzyme, and to the regulation of its synthesis and activity, will help to form a clearer picture of the various factors controlling denitrification.

Keywords

Nitrate Reductase Induction System Nitrogen Budget Paracoccus Denitrificans Benzyl Viologen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Calder, K., Burke, K. A., and Lascelles, J., 1980, Induction of nitrate reductase and membrane cytochromes in wild-type and chlorate-resistant Paracoccus denitrificans, Arch. Microbiol., 126:149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carlson, C. A., and Ingraham, J. L., 1980, Structural mutations in nitrate reductase of denitrifying Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Amer. Soc. Microbiol. Abstr., 148.Google Scholar
  3. Lowe, R. H., and Evans, H. J., 1964, Preparation and some properties of a soluble nitrate reductase from Rhizobium japonicum, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 85:377.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Payne, W. J., 1973, Reduction of nitrogenous oxides by microorganisms, Bacteriol. Rev., 37:409.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Stouthamer, A. H., 1976, Biochemistry and genetics of nitrate reductase in bacteria, Adv. Microbiol. Physiol., 14:315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Curtis A. Carlson
    • 1
  1. 1.Bacteriology DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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