Advertisement

Tritium as a Stratospheric Tracer

Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 67)

Abstract

The radioactivity of tritium was established in 1939 by Alvarez and Cornog1, who found that the radiation is of very short range and that the half life is long.

Keywords

Fission Product Lower Stratosphere Nuclear Test Fission Yield Fusion Yield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Alvarez, L.W. and Cornog, R.: Helium and Hydrogen of Mass 3, Phys. Rev. |2| 56, 613 (1939)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Albenesius, E.L.: Tritium as a product of fission, Phys. Rev. Lett. 3 (6) 274–275 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Albenesius, E.L. and Ondrejcin, R.S.: Nuclear fission produces tritium, Nucleonics 18 (9), 100 (1960)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pinford, T.H., Keaton, M.J. and Mann, B.J.: Fuel cycles for electrical power generation, Teknekron Report no. E E ED 101Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reinig, W.C. and Albenius, E.L.: Control of tritium health hazards at the Savannah River Plant, USAEC Report DPSPU-62-30-5, Savannah River Laboratory (1962)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Haney, W.A., Brown, D.J. and Reisenauer, A.E.: Fission product tritium in separations wastes and in the ground water, USAEC Report HW-74536, Hanford Atomic Products Operation (1962)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements: Tritium in the environment, NCRP Rpt. No. 62, Washington DC (1979)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Craig, H. and Lal, D.: The production rate of natural tritium, Tellus, 13, 85–105 (1961)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jacobs, D.G.: Sources of tritium and its behaviour upon release to the environment, USAEC (1968)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Roether, W.: Estimating the tritium input to groundwater from wine samples: Groundwater and direct run-off contribution to Central European surface waters, Isotopes in Hydrology, 73, IAEA Vienna (1967)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mason, A.S., Hut, G. and Telegadas, K.: Comparison of stratospheric tritium (as HTO) and Zirconium-95 burdens from the high yield Chinese nuclear tests of June 27, 1973, and November 17, 1976, EML-371, Environmental Measurements Laboratory, New York NY (1980)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Östlund, H.G. and Mason, A.S.: Atmospheric HT and HTO 1. Experimental procedures and tropospheric data 1968–72, Tellus, 26, 91–102 (1974)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mason, A.S. and Östlund, H.G.: Atmospheric HT and HTO: Distribution and large-scale circulation, in: Behaviour of tritium in the environment, (Proc. Sym., San Francisco CA, Oct. 16–20, 1978), International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (1979)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mason, A.S.: Atmospheric HT and HTO 4. Estimation of atmospheric hydrogen residence time from interhemispheric tritium gas transport, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 5913–5916 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Östlund, H.G., Mason, A.S. and Ydfalk, A.: Atmospheric HT-HTO 1968–71, Tritium Laboratory Data Report # 2, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami FL (1972)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mason, A.S. and Östlund, H.C.: Atmospheric HT and HTO 1975–1976, Tritium Laboratory Data Report # 7, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami FL (1977)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Telegadas, K.: Radioactivity distribution in the stratosphere from Chinese and French high yield nuclear tests (1967–1970) HASL-281, Health and Safety Laboratory, New York NY (1974)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Telegadas, K.: Radioactivity distribution in the stratosphere from the Chinese high yield nuclear test of June 27, 1973, HASL-298, Health and Safety Laboratory, New York NY (1976)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Telegadas, K.: Radioactivity distribution in the stratosphere from the Chinese high yield nuclear test of November 17, 1976, EML-356, Environmental Measurements Laboratory, New York NY (1979)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Östlund, H.G. and Dorsey, H.G.: Rapid electrolytic enrichment and hydrogen gas proportional counting of tritium, in: Low-Radioactivity Measurements and Applications (Proc. Int. Conf. High Tatres, 1975), Slovenske Pedagogicke Nakladatelstvo, Bratislava (1977)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Eriksson, E.: An account of the major pulses of tritium and their effects in the atmosphere, Tellus, 17, 118–130 (1965)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Harley, N., Fisenne, I., Ong, L.D.Y. and Harley, J.: Fission yield and fission product decay, HASL-164, Health and Safety Laboratory, New York NY (1965)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Leifer, R., Schonberg, M. and Toonkel, L.: Updating stratospheric inventories to July 1975, HASL-306, Health and Safety Laboratory, New York NY (1976).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Hut
    • 1
  1. 1.Isotope Physics LaboratoryState University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations