Role of Nickel in Porcelain Enamelling

  • M. A. Salamah
  • D. White
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 14)


Porcelain enamelling is an established technology for the bonding of a coating of glass on to ferrous components, in particular sheet steel. The process involved is not completely understood and some of the reasons for this are as follows. Firstly this is a traditional industry and its success still dependent to a large extent on the technical staff who operate the plant. Secondly the system is multicomponent with respect to both the composition of the materials used and the fabrication conditions. The latter are complex involving extensive pretreatment of the steel, variable additions to the enamel frit at the milling stage and different firing times. Finally in at least some areas the basic scientific data which may be necessary to explain the enamelling reactions is not available.


Iron Oxide Cobalt Oxide Anchor Point Antimony Oxide Ferrous Phase 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Salamah
    • 1
  • D. White
    • 1
  1. 1.The Department of CeramicsThe University of LeedsEngland

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