The Cardiovascular System

  • Steven I. Baskin
  • Zebulon V. Kendrick
  • Jay Roberts
  • Robert J. Tomanek


Approximately 10% of the American population will be 65 years of age or older by 1980 (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1973; U.S. Congress Senate Special Committee on Aging, 1974). One-fourth of this population will be hospitalized each year for problems relating to cardiovascular disease (U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1971), and cardiac disease will account for more than 40% of deaths in this age group (Comfort, 1964). In “healthy” people aged 50 to 70 years, age-associated changes have been reported in functional and electrocardiographic parameters (Brandfonbrener et al., 1955; Cheraskin and Ringsdorf, 1971; Landowne and Stanley, 1960; Master and Oppenheimer, 1929; Simonson, 1972).


Cardiac Output Stroke Volume Myocardial Cell Rest Heart Rate Geriatric Population 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven I. Baskin
    • 1
  • Zebulon V. Kendrick
    • 2
  • Jay Roberts
    • 1
  • Robert J. Tomanek
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyThe Medical College of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Biokinetics Research Laboratory, College of HPERDTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnatomyUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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