Options for the Future

  • Ruth Macklin
  • Willard Gaylin
Part of the The Hastings Center Series in Ethics book series (HCSE)


In attempting to suggest some options for the future concerning the mildly retarded, we must begin by recognizing that many of the ethical issues raised in this book cannot be fully resolved. The debate between those who believe that the mildly retarded do differ behaviorally as a class, and therefore require paternalistic protection, and those who believe that the mildly retarded do not differ significantly enough from persons of normal intelligence to justify depriving them of rights accorded the average citizen will continue to be argued. This ongoing debate inevitably means that alternative practical approaches to dealing with the mildly retarded will remain in force involving, for instance, an emphasis on special educational programs in one community and on mainstreaming in another, depending upon the philosophy of the individuals in charge of such programs.


Medical Model Supreme Court Decision Social Deviance Retarded Person Retarded Adult 
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  1. 1.
    E. M. Lemert, Human Deviance, Social Problems and Social Control (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1967).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Hastings Center 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth Macklin
    • 1
  • Willard Gaylin
    • 2
  1. 1.Albert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA
  2. 2.The Hastings CenterHastings-on-HudsonUSA

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