Fluid—Electrolyte, Acid—Base Disorders

  • James W. Jefferson
  • John R. Marshall
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)


Acid is produced as a consequence of normal metabolic processes. Maintaining body pH within a narrow physiologic range depends initially on body buffer systems but ultimately on the kidneys and the lungs.


Serum Sodium Volume Depletion Magnesium Deficiency Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Serum Sodium Concentration 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • James W. Jefferson
    • 1
  • John R. Marshall
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Wisconsin Medical SchoolMadisonUSA

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