Sleep and Arousal Disorders
Although the sleep disorder, narcolepsy, was first described in the medical literature a century ago, the modern era of sleep research did not begin until the 1950s when rapid eye movements (REMs) were discovered (Aserinsky and Kleitman, 1953). Since then, the field has expanded rapidly, with the development of specialized centers for the study of sleep which utilize all-night recordings of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrooculogram (EOG), electromyogram (EMG), and other physiological measurements. Organizations such as the American Association of Sleep Disorder Centers and the Association for Psychophysiological Study of Sleep have been working to bring better definition and standardization to the field and to provide a stage for the exchange of information and discussion of controversial areas. A publication explosion in the form of books, articles in medical and psychiatric journals, and specialized journals such as Sleep, Sleep Research, and Waking and Sleeping attest to the growing interest in the study of sleep disorders.
KeywordsObstructive Sleep Apnea Sleep Apnea Sleep Disorder Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Central Sleep Apnea
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