Wavelength Dependent Aspects of Electric Birefringence and Dichroism

  • Elliot Charney
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 64)


The optical properties of matter arise from the oscillations in the charge and current distribution induced by the incident radiation as Buckingham has pointed out in another paper in this symposium (1). Both the incident radiation and the response of the molecular charge distribution have a time dependence that may be described analytically in terms of their oscillation frequencies which, though correlated, need not be equal nor necessarily linearly proportional to the radiation frequency. It is our object to discuss some aspects of these properties when the molecular system is perturbed not only by the electromagnetic optical fields, but also by a static or pulsed external electric field, a condition which produces anisotropic properties, such as dichroism and birefringence, in a molecular system otherwise isotropic in the absence of the field. Similar perturbations may, in fact, be observed in already anisotropic systems, as in crystals for example, but as this is a special more complex case to which no new general phenomena may be ascribed, it will not be discussed here.


Oscillator Strength Kerr Effect Transition Moment Copper Phthalocyanine Excited State Dipole Moment 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elliot Charney
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Chemical PhysicsNational Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism and Digestive Diseases, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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