Advertisement

Future Prospects of Ocean Dumping

  • Dana R. Kester
  • Bostwick H. Ketchum
  • P. Kilho Park
Part of the Marine Science book series (MR, volume 12)

Abstract

The dumping of wastes in the ocean will be an important consideration in waste disposal management in the coming years. Maintaining the quality of the marine environment will require an improved understanding of the fate and effect of wastes in the ocean. In addition to the industrial chemicals, dredged material, and sewage wastes presently dumped in the ocean, consideration should be given to the behavior in the ocean of radioactive wastes, ocean mining wastes, and incineration residues. The concept of assimilative capacity provides a basis for identifying the physical, chemical, and biological processes in the ocean which are important in waste disposal considerations, and one can recognize the distinctive behaviors in the ocean of several types of chemicals such as biodegradable substances, toxic metals, and persistent synthetic organic chemicals. There is a need to improve the assessment of the biological effects of pollutants in the marine environment. Strategies for monitoring waste disposal in the sea should provide an early warning of environmental degradation and should enhance the understanding of marine processes in order to assure effective management of ocean dumping practices.

Keywords

Marine Environment Continental Shelf Waste Disposal Deep Ocean Assimilative Capacity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bayne, B. L. (chairman), J. Anderson, D. Engel, E. Gillfillan, D. Hoss, R. Lloyd, and F. P. Thunberg (1980) Physiological techniques for measuring the biological effects of pollution in the sea. In: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Rapports et Proces-Verbuax des Reunions, Vol. 179, Charlotten-lund Slot, Denmark.Google Scholar
  2. Goldberg, E. D. (1975) Marine pollution. In: Chemical Oceanography, 2nd edition, Vol. 3, J. P. Riley and G. Skirrow, editors, Academic Press, New York, pp. 39–89.Google Scholar
  3. Goldberg, E. D. (1979) Assimilative Capacity of U.S. Coastal Waters for Pollutants. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Environmental Research Laboratories, Boulder, CO 80303, 284 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Goldberg, E. D., V. T. Bowen, J. W. Farrington, G. Harvey, J. H. Martin, P. L. Parker, R. W. Risebrough, W. Robertson, E. Schneider, and E. Gamble (1978) The mussel watch. Environmental Conservation, 5 (2): 101–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gray, J. S. (chairman), D. Boesch, C. Heip, A. Jones, J. Lassig, R. Vanderhorst, and D. Wolfe (1980) Ecological working group report to monitoring of biological effects of pollution in the sea. In: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Rapports et Proces-Verbaux des Reunions, Vol. 179, Charlotten-lund Slot, Denmark.Google Scholar
  6. National Research Council (1978) Multimedium Management of Municiple Sludge. National Academy of Sciences. Washington, D.C., 187 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Pesch, G., B. Reynolds, and P. Rogerson (1977) Trace metals in scallops from within and around two ocean disposal sites. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 8: 224–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Preston, A. (1977) The study and control of environmental radioactivity and its relevance to the control of other environmental contaminants. Atomic Energy Review 15 (3): 374–405.Google Scholar
  9. Stebbing, A. R. D. (chairman), B. Akesson, A. Calabrese, J. H. Gentile, A. Jensen, and R. Lloyd (1980) Bioassay report to monitoring the biological effects of pollution in the sea. In: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Rapports et Proces-Verbaux des Reunions, Vol. 179, Chariottenlund Slot, Denmark.Google Scholar
  10. Uthe, J. F., H. C. Freeman, S. Mounib, and W. L. Lockhart (1980) Selection of biochemical techniques for detection of environmentally induced sublethal effects in organisms. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Rapports et Proces-Verbaux des Reunions, Vol. 179, Chariottenlund Slot, Denmark.Google Scholar
  11. U.S. Council on Environmental Quality (1970) Ocean Dumping: A National Policy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 45 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dana R. Kester
    • 1
  • Bostwick H. Ketchum
    • 2
  • P. Kilho Park
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of OceanographyUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA
  2. 2.Woods HoleUSA
  3. 3.National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationRockvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations