Preliminary Studies of Responses of Fish to Complex Pharmaceutical and Petrochemical Wastes

  • Robert G. Otto
  • S. Ian Hartwell
Part of the Marine Science book series (MR, volume 12)


Investigations were conducted to define the abilities of fish to survive or to detect and avoid exposure to complex organic waste materials from pharmaceutical and petrochemical sources. These wastes are currently barge-dumped in deep waters north of Puerto Rico. The 24-hr and 96-hr LC50’S for juvenile spot Leiostomus xanthurus and killifish Fundulus heteroclitus and avoidance limits for juvenile spot and juvenile menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus were determined. Fish accepted exposures without mortality to waste concentrations substantively greater than are expected to occur in the field situation.


Waste Material Waste Solution Dump Site Tank Truck Waste Concentration 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert G. Otto
    • 1
  • S. Ian Hartwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Chesapeake Bay InstituteThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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