The toxicity of two industrial wastes to marine invertebrates was assessed in the laboratory. The test animals were benthic and planktonic, and included a sea anemone, a hydromedusa, a polychaete, amphipods, an isopod, a crab and a shrimp. Owing to the difference in their chemical composition, pharmaceutical waste was more toxic than the biosludge. Based on the survival data, biosludge was acutely toxic at about 10% (by volume) and pharmaceutical waste at a level ≤ 1%. Animals differed in their sensitivity to the toxic material, juvenile being more sensitive than the adult. During chronic exposure, the reproduction of amphipods in diluted mixtures of biosludge was affected at a lower concentration (< 10%) than that which induced acute mortality. Besides survival and reproduction, a feasible method for assaying toxicity at the cellular level was also suggested, involving cell aggregation in the sponge Microciona.
Marine Invertebrate Water Soluble Fraction Toxic Material Grass Shrimp Sponge Cell
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