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Industrial Ocean Dumping in EPA Region II — Regulatory Aspects

  • Peter W. Anderson
  • Richard T. Dewling
Part of the Marine Science book series (MR, volume 12)

Abstract

The Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (PL 92–532) mandates that the Environmental Protection Agency “prevent or strictly regulate” the disposal, via vessel, of waste materials into the ocean.

The majority of ocean dumping, past and present, in the United States occurs at dump sites managed by EPA Region II. In 1977, for example, over 90 percent or 6.1 million metric tonnes of the U. S. ocean dumping occurred at sites managed by this Region.

EPA’s implementation of this Act, beginning in April 1973, spurred industrial dumpers at sites managed by the Region to develop and construct land-based treatment facilities and/or implement other environmentally acceptable alternatives for the handling their wastes. of the roughly 150 industrial waste generators in 1973, as of April 1979 only 13 remain. Ten are under EPA orders to cease ocean dumping by the end of 1981. The other three, Allied Chemical Corp., NL Industries, Inc., and E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co. (Grasselli Plant), have demonstrated that their wastes are not harmful to the marine environment and that no feasible alternative exists at present which is more environmentally acceptable than ocean dumping. Thus, the level of ocean dumping activities in Region II represents a significant reduction from that prior to the passage of the Act.

Keywords

Environmental Protection Agency Sewage Sludge Industrial Waste Dump Site PUERTO RICO 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Interstate Electronics Corp. (1973) Ocean Waste Disposal in Selected Geographic Areas. IEC, Anaheim, CA, Rept. No. 4461C1557, 376 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Pararas-Carayannis, G. (1973) Ocean Dumping in the New York Bight: An Assessment of Environmental Studies. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Tech. Memo. No. 39, 159 pp.Google Scholar
  3. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (1978) 1977 Report to Congress on Administration of Ocean Dumping Activities, Public Law 92-532 (MPRSA of 1972). Department of the Army, Washington, 47 pp.Google Scholar
  4. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (Jan. 11, 1977) Ocean Dumping, Final Revision of Regulations and Criteria. Federal Register, 42(7), 2485.Google Scholar
  5. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (1977) Ocean Dumping in the United States-1977, Fifth Annual Report of the Environmental Protection Agency on Administration of Title I, Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972, as amended. U. S. EPA, Washington, 65 pp.Google Scholar
  6. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (1978) Final Environmental Impact Statement on the Ocean Dumping of Sewage Sludge in the New York Bight. U. S. EPA, Region II, New York, 245 pp.Google Scholar
  7. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (1978) Ocean Dumping in the United States, Sixth Annual Report of the Environmental Protection Agency on Administration of Title I, Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972, as amended, January–December 1977. U. S. EPA, Washington, 53 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter W. Anderson
    • 1
  • Richard T. Dewling
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine and Wetlands Protection Branch Environmental Protection Agency (Region II)New YorkUSA

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