Advertisement

Multiple Isotopic Tracer Methods in the Study of Growth, Dynamics, and Metabolic Processes in Marine Ecosystems

  • Tom Berman
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 19)

Abstract

The most accurate method of following population changes, whether of pterodactyls, people or phytoplankton, is to count the individuals in the populations from time to time. Unfortunately, for many obvious reasons, this is not generally possible in the case of algae growing in the sea. Short-term observations of a few days duration or less can occasionally be made of biomass, but usually it is more feasible to measure some dynamic parameter related to growth, such as photosynthetic carbon fixation, and at the same time to determine the standing crop (e.g. by microscopic counts, chlorophyll concentration, etc.). Changes in the biomass of phytoplankton are often expressed in terms of carbon, although it is just as legitimate to base these on other major cellular constituents such as phosphorus, nitrogen or, in the case of diatoms, silica.

Keywords

Particulate Organic Carbon Phosphorus Uptake Planktonic Foraminifera Phosphorus Cycling Hermatypic Coral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. Steeman-Nielsen, J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer 18: 117–140 (1952).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K.R. McKinley and R.G. Wetzel, Limnol. Oceanogr. 22: 377–380 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Berman, Mar. Biol. 33: 215–220 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Azam and R.E. Hodson, Limriol. Oceanogr. 22: 492–505 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.B. Derenbach and P.J. LeB. Williams, Mar. Biol. 25: 263–269 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.G. Höppe and U. Horstmann, Mar. Biol. Lett. 1 (in press).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.B. Waterbury, S.W. Watson, R.R. Guillard and L.E. Brand, Nature 277: 293–294 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.W. Johnson and J. McW. Sieburth, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24: 928–934 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P.G.C. Campbell and J.H. Baker, Can. J. Microbiol. 24: 939–946 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.H. Monheimer, Can. J. Microbiol. 20: 825–831 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H.G. Höppe, Mar. Biol. 36: 291–302 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Overbeck, Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol. 19: 2600–2615 (1975).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Berman and M. Stiller, Microbial Ecol. 3: 279–288 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G.W. Fuhs, S.P. Demmerle, E. Conelli and M. Chen, Am. Soc. Limnol. Oceanogr. Spec. Symp. 1: 113–132 (1972).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M.A. Faust and D.L. Correll, Mar. Biol. 41: 293–305 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.J. McCarthy and J.C. Goldman, Science 203: 670–672 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.E. Richey, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24: 906–915 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E.R. Gemmill and R.A. Galloway, J. Phycol. 10: 359–366 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    K.R. McKinley, Ecology 58: 1356–1365 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R.J. Chrost, M. Wazyk and W. Siuda, Limnol. Oceanogr. (in press).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. Bergstein, Y. Henis and B.Z. Cavari, Can. J. Microbiol. 25: 999–1007 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    D.J. Barnes and C.J. Crossland, Mar. Biol. 42: 119–129 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C.J. Crossland and D.J. Barnes, Mar. Biol. 43: 57–62 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Erez, Nature 273: 199–202 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    T.F. Goreau, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 109: 127–143 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Astin and J. Maetz, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 88: 225–227 (1966).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. Bevelander, Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab. Woods Hole 102: 9–15 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.L. Bielski, Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 24: 225–252 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    C. Nalewajko and D.R.S. Lean, Mitt. Int. Ver. Limnol. 21: 184–192 (1978).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    L.C. Brown, Anal. Chem. 43: 1326–1328 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    D.R.S. Lean and C. Nalewajko, J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 33: 1312–1323 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Berman and G.W. Skyring, Current Microbiol. 2: 47–49 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.J. McIsaac and R.C. Dugdale, Deep-Sea Res. 19: 209–232 (1972).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    D.M. Nelson and H.L. Conway, J. Mar. Res. 37: 301–318 (1979).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    D.M. Riper, T.G. Owens and P.G. Falkowski, Plant Physiol. 64: 516–521 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    K.H. Grumbach, H.K. Lichtenthaler and K.H. Erismann, Planta 140: 37–43 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    K.H. Grumbach and H.K. Lichtenthaler, Planta 141: 253–258 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. Gophen, B.Z. Cavari and T. Berman, Nature 247: 393–394 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    W. Lampert, Limnol. Oceanogr. 19: 995–998 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    M. Gophen, Nature 265: 271–273 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    T.J. Brown and J.R. Sibert, J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 34: 1028–1031 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    P. Callow and C.R. Fletcher, Oecologia 9: 155–170 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    L.M. Cammen, Oecologia 30: 249–251 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    J.A. Wightman, Oecologia 19: 273–284 (1975).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    B.N. Smith, BioScience 22: 226–231 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    E.B. Haines, Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 4: 609–616 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    E.B. Haines, Limnol. Oceanogr. 21: 880–882 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    G.R. Rau and J.I. Hedges, Science 203: 648–649 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    L.H. Kronenberg, Anal. Biochem. 93: 189–195 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    J.T. Hollibaugh, J.A. Fuhman and F. Azam, Limnol. Oceanogr. 25: 172–181 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    M.C. Richards and C.M. Happey-Wood, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24: 950–955 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom Berman
    • 1
  1. 1.Kinneret Limnological LaboratoryTiberiasIsrael

Personalised recommendations