Structure of Protein and Peptide Hormones
Protein and peptide hormones are produced by several glands in the vertebrates. These glands include the anterior pituitary, the pancreas, and, in some mammals, the placenta. There are also peptide hormones of neurosecretory origin that are secreted by the hypothalamus and the posterior pituitary gland (see Chapters 2, 4, and 13). Finally, some of the chemicals that transmit information between neurons—the neurotransmitters—are derivatives of simple amino acids, the fundamental components of proteins.
KeywordsPineal Gland Peptide Hormone Arginine Vasopressin Posterior Pituitary Glycoprotein Hormone
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ganong, W. F., 1978, A Review of Medical Physiology ,Lange Medical Publications, Los Altos, California.Google Scholar
- Gorbman, A., 1959, Problems in the comparative morphology and physiology of the vertebrate thyroid gland, in: Comparative Endocrinology (A. Gorbman, ed.), p. 266, John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
- Karlson, P., 1963, Introduction to Modern Biochemistry, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Papkoff, H., 1973, The chemistry of the interstitial cell-stimulating hormone of ovine pituitary origin, in: Hormonal Proteins and Peptides ,Vol. I (C. H. Li, ed.), pp. 59–100, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Winzler, R. J., 1973, The chemistry of glycoproteins, in: Hormonal Proteins and Peptides ,Vol. I (C. H. Li, ed.), pp. 1–15, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar