• Bruce D. Goldman


There is a lack of clear agreement among researchers as to the precise definition of the term “puberty.” Perhaps it would be simplest to define puberty as that stage in its life history when an animal becomes fertile—i.e., when a male begins to produce mature sperm and when a female begins to ovulate. However, numerous other events normally occur at about the same time, and often these events are emphasized in studies of puberty. In humans, for example, puberty in the male is associated with a spurt of growth, the appearance of pubic and facial hair, deepening of the voice, and less well-defined psychological changes. In girls, puberty is accompanied by breast development, the appearance of pubic hair, and an increase in hip width. In nonprimates, too, several sex-related parameters show accelerated changes at the time of puberty.


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Precocious Puberty Mature Sperm Vaginal Opening Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bex, F. J., 1976, Gonadotropic regulation of follicular development in the hamster and rat, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Connecticut.Google Scholar
  2. Brackman, M., and Hoffmann, K., 1977, Pinealectomy and photoperiod influence testicular development in the Djungarian hamster, Naturwissenschaften 64:431–432.Google Scholar
  3. Bronson, F. H., and Desjardins, C., 1974, Circulating concentrations of FSH, LH, estradiol, and progesterone associated with acute, male-induced puberty in female mice, Endocrinology 94:1658–1668.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Byrnes, W. W., and Meyer, R. K., 1951, The inhibition of gonadotrophic hormone secretion by physiological doses of estrogen, Endocrinology 48:133–136.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clemens, J. A., Smalstig, E. B., and Sawyer, B. D., 1976, Studies on the role of the preoptic area in the control of reproductive function in the rat, Endocrinology 99:728–735.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dohler, K. D., and Wultke, W., 1974, Serum LH, FSH, prolactin and progesterone from birth to puberty in female and male rats, Endocrinology 94:1003–1008.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Faiman, C., and Winter, J. S. D., 1974, Gonadotropins and sex hormone patterns in puberty: Clinical data, in: Control of the Onset of Puberty (M. M. Grumbach, G. D. Grave, and F. E. Meyer, eds.), pp. 32–55, John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Ferin, M., Zimmering, P., and Vande Wiele, R. L., 1969, Effects of antibodies to estradiol-17 on PMS-induced ovulation in immature rats, Endocrinology 84:893.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gorski, R. A., 1974, Extrahypothalamic influences on gonadotropin regulation, in: Control of the Onset of Puberty (M. M. Grumbach, G. D. Grave, and F. E. Meyer, eds.), pp. 182–207, John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Labhsetwar, A. P., 1970, Role of estrogens in ovulation: A study using the estrogen-antagonist I.C.I. 46, 474, Endocrinology 87:542–551.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Negro-Vilar, A., Ojeda, S. R., and McCann, S. M., 1974, Evidence for changes in sensitivity to testosterone negative feedback on gonadotropin release during sexual development in the male rat, Endocrinology 93:729–735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Norman, R. L., 1975, Estrogen and progesterone effects on the neural control of the preovulatory LH release in the golden hamster, Biol Reprod. 13:218–222.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Odell, W. D., and Swerdloff, R. S., 1974, The role of the gonads in sexual maturation, in: Control of the Onset of Puberty (M. M. Grumbach, G. D. Grave, and F.E. Meyer, eds.), pp. 313–332, John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Ramirez, V. D., and McCann, S. M., 1963, A comparison of the regulation of luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in immature and adult rats, Endocrinology 72:452–464.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Swerdloff, R. S., Walsh, P. C., Jacobs, H. S., and Odell, W. D., 1971, Serum LH and FSH during sexual maturation in the male rat: Effect of castration and cryptorchidism, Endocrinology 88:120–128.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tanner, J. M., 1962, Growth at Adolescence, 2nd edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce D. Goldman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Bio-Behavioral SciencesUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

Personalised recommendations