Early Organizational Effects of Hormones

An Evolutionary Perspective
  • Elizabeth Adkins-Regan


Sex differentiation offers one of the most striking examples of the realization of genetic differences by epigenetic means. “Indeed, especially in ... [coldblooded vertebrates] the environment assumes a greater part in fashioning the end-product than in almost any other genetically controlled process” (Dodd, 1960). In particular, behavioral sex differentiation provides a dramatic example of a permanent effect of sex steroids on brain function. There is also the possibility, already achieved in some species, of experimentally producing complete sex reversal.


Testosterone Propionate Wolffian Duct Gonadal Differentiation Testosterone Propionate Mullerian Duct 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth Adkins-Regan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Section of Neurobiology and BehaviorCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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