Structure of Protein and Peptide Hormones
Protein and peptide hormones are produced by several glands in the vertebrates. These glands include the anterior pituitary, the pancreas, and, in some mammals, the placenta. There are also peptide hormones of neurosecretory origin that are secreted by the hypothalamus and the posterior pituitary gland (see Chapters 2, 4, and 13). Finally, some of the chemicals that transmit information between neurons—the neurotransmitters—are derivatives of simple amino acids, the fundamental components of proteins.
KeywordsPineal Gland Peptide Hormone Arginine Vasopressin Posterior Pituitary Glycoprotein Hormone
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