Advertisement

Anodic Protection of Industrial Equipment

  • Olen L. RiggsJr.
  • Carl E. Locke
  • Norman E. Hamner

Abstract

Many methods of corrosion control were first applied in an empirical manner, often many years before the scientific principles underlying the methods were identified. Anodic protection, however, is an exception to this procedure in that an understanding of the basic mechanisms was developed in the laboratory first. These discoveries were followed by a period of pilot-scale development, which included several trial installations in chemical plants. Finally came the commercial development of the technique. This development procedure is very satisfying to the scientist and engineer.

Keywords

Sulfuric Acid Heat Exchanger Corrosion Rate Storage Tank Ammonium Nitrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M.G. Fontana, Ind. Eng. Chem. 43 (8), 652 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.E. Locke, W.P. Banks, and E.C. French, Mater. Prot. 3 (6), 50 (1964).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Z.A. Foroulis, Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Del. 4 (1), 20 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A.O. Fisher and J.F. Brady, Corrosion 19, 37t (1963).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Fyfe, R. Vanderland, and J. Rodda, Chem. Eng. Prog. 73 (3), 65 (1977).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, R.C. Weast, ed., Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, Ohio 1969.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R.L. Schuyler, III, Mater. Perform. 18 (8), 9–16 (1979).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    O.L. Riggs, Jr., M. Hutchinson, and N.L. Conger, Corrosion 16 (2), 47t (1960).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.D. Sudbury, C.E. Locke, and D. Coldiron, Chem. Process. 23, February 1963.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ya.M. Kolotyrkin, et al., Zashch. Met. 7(6), 722 (1971).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.D. Sudbury, and C.E. Locke, Oil Gas J. 61 (43), 111 (1963).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C.E. Locke, M. Hutchinson, and N.L. Conger, Chem. Eng. Prog. 56 (11), 50 (1960).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.E. Locke, Tappi 49 (1), 61A (1966).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.C. Redden, Mater. Prot. 5 (2), 51 (1966).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. Neufeld, and R.C. Williamson, Corros. Sci. 5 (9), 605 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V.S. Kuzub, et al., Koks. Khim.,No. 10, 48 (1973);Google Scholar
  17. V.S. Kuzub, et al., Koks. Khim., Ca 80, 9733 (1974).Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    Staff Feature, Mater. Prot. 2 (9), 69 (1963).Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    A. Andrezej, Ochr. Koroz. 19 (1), 19 (1976);Google Scholar
  20. A. Andrezej, Ochr. Koroz. Ca 85, 53593g (1976).Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    Magna Corp., private communication.Google Scholar
  22. 20.
    J.F. Delahunt, and R.A. Haisch, U.S. Patent No. 3,483,101, December 9 1969.Google Scholar
  23. V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khim. Tekhnol. (Kiev),No. 1, 63 (1974);Google Scholar
  24. V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khim. Tekhnol. (Kiev), Ca 81, 57504 (1974).Google Scholar
  25. 22.
    R.B. Perry, and F.F. Lyle, Mater. Perform. 15 (8), 38 (1976).Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    N.A. Supronov, Kh. Freid, N.S. Baburina, and Tr. Ivanov, Khim. Tecknol. Inst. 12, 180 (1970);Google Scholar
  27. N.A. Supronov, Kh. Freid, N.S. Baburina, and Tr. Ivanov, Khim. Tecknol. Inst. Ca, 79, 142218g (1973).Google Scholar
  28. 24.
    J.C. Redden, Mater. Perform. 5 (2), 51 (1966).Google Scholar
  29. 25.
    J.C. Redden, Chem. Process. October 1964.Google Scholar
  30. 26.
    L.R. Hays, Mater. Perform. 5 (9), 46 (1966).Google Scholar
  31. Ya.M. Kolotyrkin, et al., Zashch. Met. 1(5), 598 (1965).Google Scholar
  32. 28.
    American Heat Reclaiming Co., private communication.Google Scholar
  33. 29.
    D. Fyfe, et al., Corrosion/75,NACE, Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  34. 30.
    A. Antoniuk, Ochr. Koroz. 18 (4), (1975);Google Scholar
  35. A. Antoniuk, Ochr. Koroz. Ca 83, 101641d (1975).Google Scholar
  36. 31.
    Chemetics International., Ltd., Willowdale Ontario, Canada.Google Scholar
  37. 32.
    W. Michalik, M. Klinek, and J. Lizkowski, Ochr. Koroz. 21 (3), 69 (1978).Google Scholar
  38. 33.
    M.S. Boiton, Aciers Spec. 27, 17 (1974);Google Scholar
  39. M.S. Boiton, Aciers Spec. Ca 84, 113382 (1975).Google Scholar
  40. 34.
    J. Montuelle, Rev. Metall. 75 (11), 641 (1978);Google Scholar
  41. J. Montuelle, Rev. Metall. Ca 90, 78320g (1979).Google Scholar
  42. 35.
    P.E. Morgan, and L.S. Evans, Mater. Prot., 4 (1), 60 (1965).Google Scholar
  43. 36.
    L.S. Evans, P.C.S. Hayfield, and M.C. Morris, Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Metal Corrosion, NACE, Houston, TX (1972), p. 625.Google Scholar
  44. V.A. Makarov, et al., Zashch. Met. 13(2), 181 (1977).Google Scholar
  45. 38.
    W.A. Ashby, L.S. Evans, and W. Shephard, Br. Corros. J. 13 (2), 85 (1978).Google Scholar
  46. 39.
    E. Maahn, Br. Corros. J. 1, 350 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 40.
    C.E. Locke, Mater. Prot. 4 (3), 59 (1965).Google Scholar
  48. 41.
    S.P. Napreenko, V.A. Timonin, E.V. Uvarov, A.G. Tokarenks, and V.S. Kuzub, Issled. Zashch. Met. Koprozii Khim. Promst., 55 (1978);Google Scholar
  49. S.P. Napreenko, V.A. Timonin, E.V. Uvarov, A.G. Tokarenks, and V.S. Kuzub, Issled. Zashch. Met. Koprozii Khim. Promst., Ca 91, 29485 (1979).Google Scholar
  50. 42.
    F.W.S. Jones, Anticorrosion, December 1976.Google Scholar
  51. 43.
    J.D. Sudbury, W.P. Banks, and C.E. Locke, Mater. Prot. 4 (6), 81 (1965);Google Scholar
  52. Extended Abstracts of the 2nd International Congress on Metal Corrosion,NACE, Houston, TX (1966).Google Scholar
  53. 44.
    W.P. Banks, and M. Hutchison, Mater. Prot. 8 (2), 31 (1969).Google Scholar
  54. V.S. Kuzub, et al., Zashch. Met. 7(3), 361 (1971).Google Scholar
  55. 46.
    L.G. Kuzub, V.I. Gnezdilova, and V.S. Kuzub, Zashch. Met. 4 (5), 564 (1968).Google Scholar
  56. 47.
    V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khimi. Promst. (Moscow) 8, 609 (1974);Google Scholar
  57. V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khimi. Promst. (Moscow) Ca 82, 65939a (1975).Google Scholar
  58. 48.
    L.M. Dvoracek and L.L. Neff, Corrosion 18, 85t (1962).Google Scholar
  59. 49.
    A.I. Tsinman, L.A. Danielyan, and V.S. Kozub, Zashch. Met. 9 (2), 156 (1973).Google Scholar
  60. 50.
    W.A. Szymanski, Mater. Perform. 16 (11), 16 (1977).Google Scholar
  61. L.A. Danielyan, et al., Zashch. Met. 9(4), 492 (1973).Google Scholar
  62. 52.
    C.K. Lawrence, and R.F. Engle, U.S. Patent No. 2,366,796, January 9 1945.Google Scholar
  63. 53.
    C.K. Lawrence, and R.F. Engle, U.S. Patent No. 2,377,792, June 5 1945.Google Scholar
  64. 54.
    W.A. Mueller, and T.R.B. Watson, U.S. Patent No. 3,009,865, November 21 1961.Google Scholar
  65. 55.
    T.R.B. Watson, Mater. Prot. 3 (6), 54 (1964).Google Scholar
  66. 56.
    C.E. Locke, Tappi 49 (1), 61A (1966).Google Scholar
  67. 57.
    W.A. Mueller, Pulp and Paper Industry Corrosion Problems, Vol. 2, NACE, Houston, TX (1977).Google Scholar
  68. 58.
    W.I. Clark, B. Griggs, D.D. Hays, and G.F. Jacky, U.S. Patent No. 3,347,768, October 17 1967.Google Scholar
  69. 59.
    A.V. Rybshenkov, et al., Zashch. Met. 7 (6), 718 (1971).Google Scholar
  70. 60.
    C.E. Locke, U.S. Patent No. 3,375,178, March 26 1963.Google Scholar
  71. 61.
    L.D. Perrigo, Mater. Prot. 5 (5), 73 (1966).Google Scholar
  72. 62.
    E.S. Letskikh, and A.G. Komornikova, Zashch. Met. 5 (3), 300 (1969).Google Scholar
  73. 63.
    F.P.A. Robinson, and L. Golant, Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress of Metallic Corrosion, New York, 1963. NACE, pp. 290–299, Houston, TX (1963).Google Scholar
  74. 64.
    V.S. Kuzub, and V.A. Kachanov, Zashch. Met. 2 (3), 358 (1966).Google Scholar
  75. 65.
    V.S. Kuzub, et al., Zashch. Met. 4 (2), 199 (1968).Google Scholar
  76. 66.
    V.S. Kuzub, et al., Zashch. Met. 4 (4), 362 (1968).Google Scholar
  77. 67.
    V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khim. Prom. (Kiev) 49 (4), 267 (1973);Google Scholar
  78. V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khim. Prom. (Kiev) Ca 79, 26408v (1973).Google Scholar
  79. 68.
    C-C. Chen, Hua Hsueh Tung Pao, No. 2, 117 (1974);Google Scholar
  80. C-C. Chen, Hua Hsueh Tung Pao, Ca 83, 30415v (1975).Google Scholar
  81. 69.
    V.S. Kuzub, Tr. Ukr. Resp. Konf Elektrokhim. 2, 88 (1973);Google Scholar
  82. V.S. Kuzub, Tr. Ukr. Resp. Konf Elektrokhim. Ca 81, 85146 (1974).Google Scholar
  83. 70.
    Zh.L. Georgiev, et al., Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk. 26 (12), 1657 (1973);Google Scholar
  84. Zh.L. Georgiev, et al., Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk. Ca 80, 140544 (1974).Google Scholar
  85. 71.
    V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khim. Promst., 2, 129 (1977);Google Scholar
  86. V.S. Kuzub, et al., Khim. Promst., Ca 86, 112906g (1977).Google Scholar
  87. 72.
    P. Novak, et al., Chem. Prum. 28 (9), 461 (1978);Google Scholar
  88. P. Novak, et al., Chem. Prum. Ca 90, 158947g (1979).Google Scholar
  89. 73.
    S. Mladinovic, Hem. Ind. 33(6), 223 (1979)Google Scholar
  90. S. Mladinovic, Hem. Ind. Ca 91, 219238 (1979).Google Scholar
  91. 74.
    W.E. Cowley, F.P.A. Robinson, and J.E. Kerrich, Br. Corros. J. 3 (9), 223 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olen L. RiggsJr.
    • 1
  • Carl E. Locke
    • 2
  • Norman E. Hamner
  1. 1.Kerr — McGee Technical CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.University of OklahomaNormanUSA

Personalised recommendations