Functional Evaluation of Patients with Implanted Pacemakers

  • A. Raineri
  • G. Mercurio
  • A. M. Milito
  • P. Assennato
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 4)


Because of the knowledge that his life is dependent on the pacemaker and due to the uncertainty of some clinical results, the paced patient needs a guide to return to society.


Sinus Rhythm Work Load Physical Capacity Sick Sinus Syndrome Paced Rhythm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1..
    E. Sowton: Haemodynamic studies in patients with artificial pacemaker. Brit.Heart J. 26:737 (1964).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2..
    I. N. Segel, W. A. Hudson, P. Harris, J. M. Bishop: The circulatory effects of electrically induced changes in ventricular rate at rest and during exercise in complete heart block. J. Clin.Invest. 43:1541 (1964).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3..
    P. Samet, C. Castillo, W. H. Bernestein, S. Levine: Significance of the atrial contribution to ventricular pacing. Am.J.Cardiol. 15:195 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4..
    A. Benchimol, J. G. Ellis, E. G. Diamond: Hemodynamic consequences of atrial and ventricular pacing in patients with normal and abnormal hearts. Effect of exercise at fixed atrial and ventricular rate. Am.J.Med. 39:911 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5..
    R. A. Carleton, R. W. Sessions, J. S. Graettinger: Cardiac pacemakers: clinical and physiological studies. Med.Clin.N.Amer. 50:325 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6..
    P. Samet, C. Castillo, W. H. Bernestein: Hemodynamic consequences of sequential atrioventricular pacing. Subjects with normal hearts. Am.J.Cardiol.21: 207 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7..
    A. Raineri, M. Traina, G. Indovina, A. Castello, P. Assennato, L. Messina: L’impedenza toracica nella sorveglianza dei pazienti ricoverati in Unità Coronarica. Boll.Soc.Ital. Cardiol. 22:1859 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8..
    V. Rulli, P. Signoretti, A. Nardelli, P. Rossi: Valutazione della capacità funzionale in soggetti portatori di elettrostimolatori artificiali. Giorn.Ital.Card. 1:26 (1971).Google Scholar
  9. 9..
    H. Ikeda, N. Koga, F. Katayama, K. Ohishi, H. Toshima, N. Kimura: Functional capacity of pacemaker implanted patients. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Tokya (1976) page 304.Google Scholar
  10. 10..
    A. Holmgran, P. Karlberg, B. Pernow: Circulatory adaptation at rest and during muscular work in patients with complete heart block. Acta med.Scandanav. 164:119 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11..
    D. Ikkos, J. Hanson: Response to exercise in congenital complete atrioventricular block. Circulation 22:583 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12..
    S. N. Koyal, B. J. Wipp, D. Huntsman, G. A. Bray, K. Wasserman: Ventilatory responses to the metabolic acidosis of treadmill and cycle ergometry. J.Appl.Phys. 40:864 (1976).Google Scholar
  13. 13..
    K. L. Andersen, R. J. Shephard, H. Denolin, E. Varnauskas, R. Masironi, Fundamentals of exercise testing. World Health Organization (1971); page 24–26.Google Scholar
  14. 14..
    S. F. Vatner, M. Pagani: Adattamenti cardiovascolari all’attività fisica: emodinamica e meccanismi. Progressi in Patol.Cardiov. 2:155 (1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Raineri
    • 1
  • G. Mercurio
    • 1
  • A. M. Milito
    • 1
  • P. Assennato
    • 1
  1. 1.Cattedra di Fisiopatologia CardiovascolareUniversità di PalermoItaly

Personalised recommendations