Patient and Family Education: A Requisite Component of Comprehensive Rehabilitation after Myocardial Infarction
Illness is best controlled when the patient participates in disease management. The goal of patient and family education is to provide adequate information about the cardiac illness and its management to enable the patient to assume some responsibility for his or her continuing health care. Educational efforts are designed to identify areas of patient decision and responsibility. Dr. Lawrence Weed has said, “the most powerful of all medical and paramedical personnel is the patient — highly motivated, not costing anything — even willing to pay — and there is one for every member of the population.” The effects of incorporating the patient into the health care team include a decrease in the feeling of helplessness in dealing with the cardiac problem, aid in restoring self-esteem after an illness such as myocardial infarction which constitutes a life crisis, an increased confidence of the patient in a successful outcome and an increase in the patient’s ability to cope with illness. The educational programme should be instituted during the hospitalization for myocardial infarction and/or coronary bypass surgery and continued in the physician’s office or in a hospital or community clinic.
KeywordsMemorial Hospital Coronary Care Unit Educational Effort Coronary Bypass Surgery Family Education
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