High Temperature Systems

  • D. W. Murphy
  • J. Broadhead
  • B. C. H. Steele
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 2)


High temperature systems have been defined for the purposes of this report as those types of rechargeable electrochemical cells or batteries operating at temperatures greater than 100°C, but not excluding cells based on molten salt systems with melting points below 100°C (1). Aqueous based systems (largely excluded by this definition) are discussed elsewhere in this Proceedings (2, 3). There are two main types of high temperature systems that have reached an engineering state of development: first, the Na/S based systems that have been described in this Proceedings by Jones (4) and second, the Li/MSx based systems which have been described by Vissers (5) and Bélanger et al (6) in this Proceedings, The study group identified four specific cell systems, two from each catagory, and then summarized the performances achieved or projected with these cells as Part I of this report. In such a summary, it is essential to recognize the qualifications and limits associated with the comparative numerical estimates. While the group has made a best effort to ensure the accuracy of this general performance summary, it should not be taken as the final word. Another group might well place a different emphasis on the performance characteristics of these systems based on specific application goals. In Part II of the report, problem areas in the engineering development of these four systems were identified and the relative severity of the problems were evaluated. Finally, promising new research areas were discussed and are listed in Part III.


Electric Vehicle Molten Salt Argonne National Laboratory Organic Halide High Specific Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. W. Murphy
    • 1
  • J. Broadhead
    • 1
  • B. C. H. Steele
    • 2
  1. 1.Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA
  2. 2.Imperial CollegeLondonUK

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