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Measurement of Penetration Depths of Plutonium and Americium in Sediment from the Ocean Floor

  • S. Fried
  • A. Friedman
  • J. Hines
  • R. Sjoblom
  • G. Schmitz
  • F. Schreiner
Part of the Advances in Nuclear Science & Technology book series (ANST)

Abstract

The clay-like sediment covering the ocean floor constitutes the last barrier that shields the biosphere from contamination by radionuclides stemming from the nuclear wastes of a subseabed repository. In the event of a failure of the engineered barriers, the mobility of the released radionuclides in the sediment determines the rate and the extent of entry into the water of the ocean. In this article, we present the initial results of measurements designed to determine the mobility of transuranium elements in sediment from the ocean floor. Our data indicate very low migration rates and imply strong chemisorptive interaction with the sediment.

Keywords

Nuclear Waste Effective Diffusion Coefficient Ocean Floor Transuranium Element Iodide Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    D. R. Kester, I. W. Duedall, D. N. Conners and R. M. Pytkowicz, Limnology and Oceanography 12, 176 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    G. R. Heath, SAND76–0256, Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. M. Friedman and J. W. Kennedy, Jour. Amer. Chem. Soc. 77, 4499 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Schreiner, Nuclear Technology (to be published).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Fried
    • 1
  • A. Friedman
    • 1
  • J. Hines
    • 1
  • R. Sjoblom
    • 1
  • G. Schmitz
    • 1
  • F. Schreiner
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

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