Recent Studies on Radiation Damage Formation in Synthetic NaCl and Natural Rock Salt for Radioactive Waste Disposal Applications

  • K. J. Swyler
  • R. W. Klaffky
  • P. W. Levy
Part of the Advances in Nuclear Science & Technology book series (ANST)


Radiation damage formation in natural rock salt is described as a function of irradiation temperature and plastic deformation. F-center formation decreases with increasing temperature while significant colloidal sodium formation occurs over a restricted temperature range around 150°C. Plastic deformation increases colloid formation; it is estimated that colloid concentrations may be increased by a factor of 3 if the rock salt near radioactive waste disposal canisters is heavily deformed. Optical bandshape analysis indicates systematic differences between the colloids formed in synthetic and natural rock salts.


Rock Salt Colloid Formation Radioactive Waste Disposal Nuclear Waste Management Radioactive Waste Repository 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. J. Swyler, R. W. Klaffky and P. W. Levy, “Radiation Damage Studies on Synthetic NaC1 Crystals and Natural Rock Salt for Waste Disposal Applications,” Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, 1, 349 ( G. J. McCarthy, ed., Plenum, NY, 1979 ).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. W. Klaffky, K. J. Swyler and P. W. Levy. Levy, “Radiation Damage Studies on Synthetic NaC1 Crystals and Natural Rock Salt for Waste Disposal Applications, II,” Ceramics in Nuclear Waste Management, Conf. 790420, Proc. of an Int. Symp., Cincinnati, OH, April 30-May 2, 1979, 310 (T. D. Chikalla and J. E. Mendel, eds. Tech. Info. Center, U.S. Dept. of Energy, Washington, 1979 ).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. W. Hobbs, M. Saidoh and V. M. Orera, “Void Analogues in Irradiated Alkali Halides,” Int. Conf. on Defects in Insulating Crystals, Gatlinburg, TN, 172 (1977).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. W. Hobbs, “Point Defect Stabilization in Ionic Crystals at High Defect Concentrations,” J. Physique Colloq. 37, C7–3 (1976).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. H. Jenks and C. D. Bopp, Storage and Release of Radiation Energy in Salt in Radioactive Waste Repositories, ORNL-5058, Oct. (1977).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    U. Jain and A. B. Lidiard, “The Growth of Colloidal Centers in Irradiated Alkali Halides,” Phil. Mag. 35, 245 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Kreibig and C. V. Fragstein, “The Limitation of Electron Mean Free Path in Small Silver Particles,” Z. Phys. 224, 307 (1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. J. Swyler
    • 1
  • R. W. Klaffky
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. W. Levy
    • 1
  1. 1.Brookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA
  2. 2.Los Alamos Scientific LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

Personalised recommendations