Thermal Gradient Migration of Fluid Inclusions in Single Crystals of Salt from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site (WIPP)

  • Edwin Roedder
  • H. E. Belkin
Part of the Advances in Nuclear Science & Technology book series (ANST)


Selected salt single crystals from core samples of bedded salt from the WIPP site have been tested to determine the rate of migration of their liquid-filled (fluid) inclusions in thermal gradients. Gradients of 1.5°−1, maintained for periods of 3–10 days, at ambient temperatures of 108°–260°C, resulted in rates of movement of 1.2–5.4 cm.yr −1 for cubic inclusions 1 mm on an edge. Inclusions 0.1 mm on an edge moved only ~30% as fast. Increase in ambient temperature and/or gradient increased the rate, in approximately direct proportion. The migration rate for inclusions in different parts of a given sample, however, may vary by a factor of 3, for unknown reasons, and some other interesting observed phenomena are still unexplained.


Fluid Inclusion Thermal Gradient Migration Rate Vapor Bubble Small Inclusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. L. Bradshaw and F. Sanchez, J. Geophys. Res. 74, 4209–4212 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. A. Holdoway, Fourth Sym. on Salt, 1, (A. H. Coogan, ed., Northern Ohio Geol. Soc., ClSeveland, 303–312, 1974 ).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. H. Jenks, O.R.N.L. 5526, Dist. Cat. UC-70, 67 (1979).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Edwin Roedder and H. E. Belkin, Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, 1, (G. J. McCarthy, ed., Plenum Press, NY, 313–321, 1979 ).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. R. Wilcox, Indust. Eng. Chem. 60, 13–23 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. H. Hopkins, R. G. Seidensticker and A. M. Stewart, J. Crystal Growth 33, 223–231 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. R. Wilcox, Indust. Eng. Chem. 61, 76–77 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. R. Anthony and H. E. Cline, Acta Metallurg., 20, 247–255 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. -H. Chen and W. R. Wilcox, Indus. Eng. Chem. Fund 11, 563–565 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. R. Anthony and H. E. Cline, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3380–3387 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. R. Anthony and H. E. Cline, Acta. Metallurg., 21, 117–122 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Roedder and H. E. Belkin, U. S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report no. 79–1675, (1979).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin Roedder
    • 1
  • H. E. Belkin
    • 1
  1. 1.U. S. Geological Survey959 National Center RestonUSA

Personalised recommendations