Solution Interaction of Nuclear Waste Anions with Selected Geological Materials

  • G. W. Bird
  • V. J. Lopata
Part of the Advances in Nuclear Science & Technology book series (ANST)


In the Canadian nuclear fuel waste management program, we are considering geological disposal in vaults mined deeply into plutonic rocks of the Canadian Shield (1). In this context 99Tc and 129I are of concern due to their long half-lives and their tendency to go into solution as anions which are largely unretarded by interaction with silicate minerals (2). For these reasons we have been looking for materials which would be stable within the vault environment and which could be used as part of a multi-barrier containment system to retard the movement of Tc and I.


Copper Metal Geological Disposal Cupric Sulfate Lead Mineral Canada Limited 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. Boulton (ed.), Management of Radioactive Fuel Wastes: The Canadian Disposal Program,“ Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Report AECL-6314 (1978).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Rancon and J. Rochon, Workshop on Migration of Long-Lived Radionuclides in the Geosphere, Brussels, Jan. 29–31 (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. B. Garret, S. Vellanga and C. M. Fontana, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 61, 637 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Siever and N. Woodford, Geochim et Cosmochim Acta 43, 717–724 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Howard I. III, Conf. on Trace Elements in Environmental Health Proceedings, U. of Missouri (1971).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Fried, A. M. Friedman, D. Cohen, J. J. Hines and R. Strickert, Annual Report of Office of Waste Handling, Project AN 0115A, Argonne National Laboratory (1978).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z. Hal, G. M. Bancroft, W. S. Fyfe, G. W. Bird and V. J. Lopata, submitted to J. Environ. Sc. and Tech.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. Stumm and J. J. Morgan, Aquatic Chemistry (Wiley-Interscience, Inc., New York, 1970 ).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. A. Bredig, C. E. Bannberger and D. J. Richardson, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 40, 1479 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Charreton, Soc. Chim. 5e Serie, Memoires, 323–344 (1956).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. M. Carrels and C. L. Christ, Solutions, Minerals and Equilibria(Harper and Row, Inc., New York, 1965 ).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. A. Bondietti and C. W. Francis, Science 203, 1337 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. W. Bird
    • 1
  • V. J. Lopata
    • 1
  1. 1.Atomic Energy of Canada LimitedWhiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment PinawaManitobaCanada

Personalised recommendations