Advertisement

Immobilization of U.S. Defense Nuclear Wastes Using the Synroc Process

  • A. E. Ringwood
  • S. E. Kesson
  • N. G. Ware
Part of the Advances in Nuclear Science & Technology book series (ANST)

Abstract

United States defense nuclear wastes are presently in tank storage, partly as sludges comprising Fe, Mn, Ni, U and Na oxides and hydroxides, together with 0.5 to 5 percent of fission products and actinides (exclusive of uranium). The relative proportions of Al, Fe, Mn, Ni, U and Na in the sludges from different tanks vary considerably, except that (Fe+A1+Mn) are by far the major components and Fe is more abundant than Mn. (Typical compositions of some calcined sludges from Savannah River (Garvin, personal communication) are given in Tables 1, 2, 3). In this paper we will briefly describe how the SYNROC process, utilizing straightforward technology, can be readily adapted to the problem of defense waste immobilization, yielding a dense, inert ceramic waste form, SYNROC-D.

Keywords

Fission Product Nuclear Waste Oxygen Fugacity Waste Form Nuclear Waste Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. E. Ringwood, S. E. Reason, N. G. Ware, W. B. Hibberson, and A.Major, “The SYNROC Process: A Geochemical Approach to Nuclear Waste Immobilization,” Geochemical Journal in press (1979).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. J. Jardine and M. J. Steindler, “Metal Encapsulation of Ceramic Nuclear Waste,” Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, 1 ( G. J. McCarthy, ed., Plenum Press, 1979 ).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Larker, “Hot Isostatic Pressing for Consolidation and Containment of Radioactive Waste,” Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, 1 ( G. J. McCarthy, ed., Plenum Press, 1979 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. E. Ringwood
    • 1
  • S. E. Kesson
    • 1
  • N. G. Ware
    • 1
  1. 1.Research School of Earth SciencesAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations