Alternative Waste Forms — A Comparative Study
Several alternative process and waste form options exist for the immobilization of nuclear wastes. These options can be categorized into seven groups (1) including the reference monolithic glass process: glass, sintered ceramic, glass ceramics, hot-pressed ceramics, coatings, concrete and metal matrix. Although data exists on the characterization of these alternatives, it is difficult to conduct comparisons due to lack of standard testing procedures.
KeywordsPortland Cement Glass Ceramic Glass Frit Waste Form Volatile Loss
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.J. M. Rusin, PNL-2775, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Sept. (1978).Google Scholar
- 2.W. A. Ross, J. M. Rusin and J. L. McElroy, Proceedings of the Symposium on Waste Management, Tucson, Arizona, Feb. (1979).Google Scholar
- 3.W. A. Ross, PNL-2625, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, June (1978).Google Scholar
- 4.J. L. McElroy, PNL-2999–1, 2, 3, 4, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, May (1979).Google Scholar
- 5.W. Lutze, J. Borchardt and A. K. De, Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, I, ( G. J. McCarthy, ed.; Plenum Press, New York, 1979 ).Google Scholar
- 6.J. M. Rusin, W. J. Gray and J. W. Wald, PNL-2668–2, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Aug. (1979).Google Scholar
- 7.R. H. Marion and J. K. Johnstone, SAND-75–0347, Sandia Laboratories, July (1975).Google Scholar
- 8.R. M. Spriggs, L. A. Brissette and T. Vasilos, Materials Research and Standards, 218, May (1964).Google Scholar
- 9.J. H. Westsik, Jr., and R. P. Turcotte, PNL-2759, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Sept. (1978).Google Scholar
- 10.W. J. Gray, “Volatility of Some Potential High Level Radioactive Waste Forms,” to be published in Nuclear Waste Management (1980).Google Scholar