Regulation of Geologic Repositories for the Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes
The U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is vested with licensing and regulatory authority over certain U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities by Sections 202 (3) and (4) of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974. These sections refer to: 1) facilities used primarily for the receipt and storage (including disposal) of high level radioactive wastes (HLW) and 2) retrievable surface storage and other facilities authorized for the express purpose of long term storage of HLW. Geologic repositories would not be licensed as “production” or “utilization” facilities. Rather, they would be licensed under those provisions of the Atomic Energy Act dealing with receipt and possession of “byproduct” and “special nuclear” materials. The NRC has the responsibility to evaluate for all aspects of repository performance which could impact the public health and safety. As a first step in carrying out its responsibility, the NRC staff is developing the regulations under which a geologic repository will be licensed. This regulation will be known as 10 CFR Part 60 — Disposal of High Level Radioactive Wastes in Geologic Repositories.
KeywordsPerformance Objective Waste Form Nuclear Regulatory Commission High Level Radioactive Waste Geologic Repository
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