• Benjamin B. Wolman


Psychoanalysis and related schools became a part of contemporary psychological theory after a long and complicated process of development. Psychoanalysis cannot be traced from the philosophical discussion about the human soul, nor was it born in the atmosphere of the academic Wissenschaft of psychological laboratories. It started in medicine and it was, and partially still is, a part of the medical discipline that grew exceedingly slowly in its endeavor to understand and treat mental disorder. While official medicine rigorously pursued the path of anatomy, histology, and physiology, rebellious psychoanalysis followed in the footsteps of “unscientific,” “mentalistic,” and “metaphysical” concepts repudiated by the official science, and studied the irrational and even parapsychological aspects of human life. Freud and his followers introduced into the area of irrationality the rational method of scientific inquiry and proved beyond doubt that being scientific is not identical with choosing a rational phenomenon but depends upon the method applied in the study of empirical phenomena, irrespective of their being rational or irrational.


External World Outer World Sexual Excitation Introductory Lecture Oedipus Complex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abraham, K. Selected papers on psychoanalysis. London: Hogarth, 1927.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, F., Freud, A., Levine, M., & De Saussure, M. Evolution et tendence actuelle de la psychanalyse. Paris: Hermann, 1950.Google Scholar
  3. Bernfeld, S. The psychology of the infant. New York: Brentano, 1929.Google Scholar
  4. Blum, G. Psychoanalytic theories of personality. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1953.Google Scholar
  5. Brill, A. A. Fundamental conceptions of psychoanalysis. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1921.Google Scholar
  6. Charcot, J. M. Lectures on the diseases of the nervous system. London: New Sydenham Soc, 1877.Google Scholar
  7. Ey, H. Pierre Janet: The man and the work. In B. B. Wolman (Ed.) Historical roots of contemporary psychology. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.Google Scholar
  8. Fenichel, O. The psychoanalytic theory of neurosis. New York: Norton, 1945.Google Scholar
  9. Freud, Anna. The ego and the mechanisms of defense. New York: International Universities Press, 1946.Google Scholar
  10. Freud, S. Gesammelte Werke chronologisch geordnet. London: Imago, 1940–48, 17 vols.Google Scholar
  11. Freud, S. Collected papers. London: Hogarth, 1924–1950, 5 vols.Google Scholar
  12. Freud, S. General selection from his works. (New ed.) London: Hogarth, 1953.Google Scholar
  13. Freud, S. The standard edition of the complete work of Sigmund Freud. London: Hogarth, 1953.Google Scholar
  14. Freud, S. The origins of psychoanalysis, letters to Wilhelm Fliess, drafts and notes. 1887–1902. New York: Basic Books, 1954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Frosch, J., & Ross, N. (Eds.) The annual survey of psychoanalysis. New York: International Universities Press, 1950–1969, 15 vols.Google Scholar
  16. Galdston, I. (Ed.) Freud and contemporary culture. New York: International Universities Press, 1956.Google Scholar
  17. Glover, E. Psychoanalysis. London: Bole Medical Publishers, 1939.Google Scholar
  18. Grinstein, A. The index of psychoanalytic writings. New York: International Universities Press, 1952–1959, 5 vols.Google Scholar
  19. Groddeck, G. The book of It. Washington: Nervous & Mental Disease Publishing Co., 1928.Google Scholar
  20. Greenfield, N. S. & Lewis, W. C. Psychoanalysis and Current Biological thought. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  21. Hartmann, H. Ego psychology and the problem of adaptation. New York: International Universities Press, 1958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hook, S. (Ed.) Psychoanalysis, scientific method and philosophy. New York: New York University Press, 1959.Google Scholar
  23. Janet, P. L’automatisme psychologique. Paris: Alcan, 1889.Google Scholar
  24. Jekels, L. Selected papers. New York: International Universities Press, 1952.Google Scholar
  25. Jones, E. Papers on psychoanalysis. New York: Wood, 1913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jones, E. The life and work of Sigmund Freud. New York: Basic Books, 1953–1957, 3 vols.Google Scholar
  27. Kubie, L. S. Practical and theoretical aspects of psychoanalysis. New York: International Universities Press, 1950.Google Scholar
  28. Lorand, S. (Ed.) Psychoanalysis today, its scope and function. New York: International Universities Press, 1944.Google Scholar
  29. Lorand, S. (Ed.) The yearbook of psychoanalysis. New York: International Universities Press, 1945–1959, 10 vols.Google Scholar
  30. Munroe, Ruth L. Schools of psychoanalytic thought. New York: Dryden, 1955.Google Scholar
  31. Münsterberg, W., & Axelrod, S. Psychoanalysis and the Social Sciences. New York: International Universities Press, 1949–1959, 5 vols.Google Scholar
  32. Murphy, G. The current impact of Freud upon psychology. Amer. Psychologist, 1956, 11, 663–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nunberg, H. Principles of psychoanalysis. (Rev. ed.) New York: International Universities Press, 1955.Google Scholar
  34. Pumpian-Mindlin, E. (Ed.) Psychoanalysis as science. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1952.Google Scholar
  35. Puner, H. W. Freud, his life and his mind. New York: Howell, Soskin, 1947.Google Scholar
  36. Rapaport, D. Emotions and memory. (2nd ed.) New York: International Universities Press, 1950.Google Scholar
  37. Rapaport, D. On the psychoanalytic theory of thinking. Int. J. Psychoanal., 1950, 31, 1–10.Google Scholar
  38. Rapaport, D. The conceptual model of psychoanalysis. J. Pers., 1951, 20, 56–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rapaport, D. (Ed.) Organization and pathology of thought. New York: Columbia University Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  40. Reik, T. From thirty years with Freud. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1940.Google Scholar
  41. Sachs, H. Freud, master and friend. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1944.Google Scholar
  42. Sears, R. R. Survey of objective studies of psychoanalytic concepts. New York: Soc. Sci. Res. Counc., 1943.Google Scholar
  43. Sterba, R. Introduction to the psychoanalytic theory of the libido. Nerv. & ment. Dis. Monogr., No. 68, 1947.Google Scholar
  44. Symonds, P. M. The dynamics of human adjustment. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1946.Google Scholar
  45. Thompson, Clara. Psychoanalysis: Evolution and development. New York: Hermitage, 1950.Google Scholar
  46. Zilboorg, G. Sigmund Freud, his exploration of the mind of man. New York: Norton, 1941.Google Scholar
  47. Zilboorg, G., & Henry, G. W. A history of medical psychology. New York: Norton, 1941.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin B. Wolman
    • 1
  1. 1.Long Island UniversityBrooklynUSA

Personalised recommendations