Apart from the conditions which led to the formation of the juvenile justice system early in this century, there is no single event which has had as much impact on its present form as Justice Fortas’s opinion for the majority in In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967). Juveniles deserve more, he said, than a “kangaroo court.” “Neither the Fourteenth Amendment nor the Bill of Rights is for adults alone” (at 13); the Court decided that juveniles should have the same general due process protections in court proceedings as do adults.
KeywordsJuvenile Justice System Probation Officer Juvenile Court Court Proceeding Legal Counsel
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