Depression is the term both for a normal mood, universally experienced in relation to loss, and for a pathological state in which no appropriate stimulus for such distress is apparent. In this respect of spanning normalcy and pathology, depression is similar to anxiety; the two states are, moreover, often concomitant. Both states are, above all else, affective states, unlike paranoia, obsessional neurosis, and hysteria in which the affects can play hide-and-seek and “strange” symptoms can prevail. A depressed or anxious person may not be able to account for his or her affective state, but the experience is eminently understandable to everyone since everyone has “been there.”
KeywordsAffective State Cognitive Style Vicarious Experience Guilt Feeling Mental Pain
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