Among the recent developments in the study of paranoia is Colby’s (1977) construction of a valid computer simulation of paranoid processes based on a “shame-humiliation” theory. Colby, a psychoanalytically trained researcher, bases his theory (Colby, 1975) partly on Tomkins’ (1963) formulation that paranoid information processing is designed to protect the self against humiliation. Colby’s theory assumes that shame-humiliation affects are unavailable to the paranoid patient because they are too threatening. As a consequence, when threatened by the activation of shame-humiliation, the paranoid uses a “strategy of blaming others for wronging the self” (p. 56). Although Colby does not use the word “guilt,” to blame others for wronging the self is to perceive them as guilty.
KeywordsGender Identity Paranoid Ideation Paranoid Delusion Psychosexual Development Heighten Tenderness
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