To Risk or Not to Risk

Predicting Behavior from Negative and Positive Emotional States
  • Marvin Zuckerman
Part of the Advances in the Study of Communication and Affect book series (ASCA, volume 6)


Certainly there must be some peculiar Calvinistic streak in modern psychology that accounts for our preoccupation with negative emotions, particularly the unholy trinity of fear, anger, and depression. This most persistent FAD (i.e. fear, anger, and depression) may represent the influence of clinical psychology and psychiatry. With the exception of the hypomanic, clinical subjects are not noted for their joyfulness or high spirits. But, is FAD, or its absence, all there is to emotions? The heavily-tranquilized patient may not be anxious, but he is not usually euphoric either. How many trait and state tests of FAD do we have compared to tests of positive affects such as surgency, elation, affection, or interest? How many studies are entitled “The Effect of Anxiety upon …”? I do not recall ever seeing a study entitled “The Effects of Interest …” or “The Effects of Elation …” on anything.


Negative Affect Positive Affect Test Anxiety Sensation Seek Eyelid Conditioning 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marvin Zuckerman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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