Ethnography and Experimentation

Partners in Legal Research
  • William M. O’barr
  • E. Allan Lind
Part of the Perspectives in Law & Psychology book series (PILP, volume 2)


Ethnography and experimentation are uncommon partners in research. Social scientists trained in one of these methodological approaches seldom have significant facility with or appreciation of the other. We argue in this chapter that the combination of anthropological and social psychological approaches has enhanced our ability to study certain questions of interest to both disciplines.


Criminal Trial Social Psychological Theory Narrative Style Speech Style Social Attribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bailey, F. G. Stratagems and spoils: A social anthropology of politics. New York: Schocken Books, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. Bailey, F. L., and Rothblatt, H. B. Successful techniques for criminal trials. Rochester, N.Y.: The Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Co., 1971.Google Scholar
  3. Bauman, R., and Sherzer, J. (Eds.). Explorations in the ethnography of speaking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. Blalock, H. M. Casual inferences in nonexperimental research. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1964.Google Scholar
  5. Brown, R. W., and Gilman, A. The pronouns of power and solidarity. In T. Sebeok (Ed.), Style in language. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1960. Pp. 253–276.Google Scholar
  6. Danet, B., Hoffman, K. B., Kermish, N. E., Rafn, H. J., and Staymen, D. G. An ethnography of questioning. In R. Shuy and A. Shunkal (Eds.), Language use and the uses of language: Papers from the fifth annual colloquium on new ways of analyzing variation in English. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  7. Doob, A. N. Evidence, procedure, and psychological research. In G. Bermant, C. Nemeth, and N. Vidmar (Eds.), Psychology and the law. Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. Erickson, B. Lind, E. A., Johnson, B. C., and O’Barr, W. M. Speech style and impression formation in a court setting: The effects of “powerful” and “powerless” speech. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,1978, 14,266–279.Google Scholar
  9. Giles, H. and Powesland, P. F. Speech style and social evaluation. New York: Academic Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  10. Hurwitz, J. I., Zander, A. F., and Hymovitch, B. Some effects of power on relations among group members. In D. Cartwright and A. Zander (Eds.), Group dynamics. Evanston, Ill.: Harper and Row, 1953.Google Scholar
  11. Hymes, D. The ethnography of speaking. In T. Gladwin and W. C. Sturtevant (Eds.), Anthropology and human behavior. Washington, D.C.: Anthropological Society of Washington, 1962. Pp. 13–53.Google Scholar
  12. Jeans, J. W. Trial advocacy. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing, 1975.Google Scholar
  13. Jones, E. E. Ingratiation. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1964.Google Scholar
  14. Jones, E. E., and Oavis, K. E. From acts to dispositions: The attribution process in person perception. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 2 ). New York: Academic Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  15. Keesing, R. M. Cultural anthropology: A contemporary perspective. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1976.Google Scholar
  16. Keeton, R. E. Trial tactics and methods ( 2nd ed. ). Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.Google Scholar
  17. Kelley, H. H. Attribution theory in social psychology. Nebraska symposium on motivation (Vol. 14). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1967. Pp. 192–241.Google Scholar
  18. Kelley, H. H., and Thibaut, J. W. Group problem solving. In G. Lindzey and E. Aronson (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (2nd ed., Vol. 4 ). Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1969.Google Scholar
  19. Key, M. R. Male/female language. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  20. Labov, W. Hypercorrection as a factor in linguistic change. In W. Labov (Ed.), Sociolinguistic patterns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1972.Google Scholar
  21. Lakoff, R. Language and woman’s place. New York: Harper and Row, 1975.Google Scholar
  22. Lavandera, B. R. Where does the sociolinguistic variable stop? Language in Society, 1978, 7, 171–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lind, E. A., Erickson, B. E., Conley, J., and O’Barr, W. M. Social attributions and conversation style in trial testimony. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1978, 36, 1558–1567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Linton, N. K. The witness and cross-examination. Berkeley Journal of Sociology, 1965, 10, 1–12.Google Scholar
  25. McElhaney, J. W. Effective litigation—Trials, problems, and materials. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing, 1974.Google Scholar
  26. Miller, C., and Swift, K. Words and women: New language in new times. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday Anchor Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  27. Mills, J. Opinion change as a function of the communicator’s desire to influence and liking for the audience. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1966, 2, 152–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mills, J., and Jellison, J. M. Effect on opinion change of how desirable the communication isGoogle Scholar
  29. to the audience the communicator addressed. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1967, 5, 459–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Morrill, A. E. Trial diplomacy. Chicago: Court Practice Institute, 1971.Google Scholar
  31. Moscovici, S. Social influence and social change. New York: Academic Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  32. Naroll, R., and Cohen, R. (Eds.). A handbook of method in cultural anthropology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  33. Naroll, R., and Cohen, R. (Eds.). A handbook of method in cultural anthropology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  34. O’Barr, W., Walker, L., Conley, J., Erickson, B., and Lind, A. Political aspects of speech styles in American trial courtrooms. Working papers in culture and communication (Vol. 1). Philadelphia: Temple University, Department of Anthropology, 1976. Pp. 27–40.Google Scholar
  35. Pelto, P. J., and Pelto, G. H. Anthropological research: The structure of inquiry. ( 2nd ed. ). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  36. Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A., and Jefferson, G. A simplest systematics for the study of turn-taking in conversation. Language, 1974, 50, 696–735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Thibaut, J., and Walker, L. Procedural justice: A psychological analysis. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1975.Google Scholar
  38. Thorne, B., and Henley, N. (Eds.) Language and sex: Difference and dominance. Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House, 1975.Google Scholar
  39. Trudgill, P. Sociolinguistics—An introduction. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • William M. O’barr
    • 1
  • E. Allan Lind
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Federal Judicial CenterUSA

Personalised recommendations