Biochemical Evidence on the Phylogeny of Anthropoidea

  • M. Baba
  • L. Darga
  • M. Goodman
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


Anthropoidea is the suborder of Primates which includes New and Old World monkeys, apes, and humans. The term “Anthropoidea” was introduced by Mivart and has received general acceptance since Simpson (1945) included it in his classification of mammals (Simons, 1972). However, questions have arisen regarding the monophyletic nature of Anthropoidea. Since the fossil record relating to higher primate origins remains incomplete, there is reasonable doubt that the three superfamilies of Anthropoidea (Ceboidea, Cercopithecoidea, and Hominoidea) descended from a common “stem stock” (Schwartz et al., 1978). Although Simons (1976) views Anthropoidea as a monophyletic assemblage, he notes (1972) that the earliest putative ancestors of Ceboidea, Cercopithecoidea, and Hominoidea do not seem to resemble one another as much as one would expect if all had emerged from a single segment of Paleocene-Eocene lower primates.


World Monkey Middle Eocene Maximum Parsimony Analysis Tree Shrew Clock Model 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Baba
    • 1
  • L. Darga
    • 2
  • M. Goodman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Science and Technology, University Studies/Weekend College Program, College of Lifelong LearningWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA
  3. 3.Department of Anatomy, School of MedicineWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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