The Potential Use of Immobilized Plant Cells for the Production and Transformation of Natural Products
Higher plants are not only the most important producers of foods, oils, fibers and wood, but also a rich source of medical substances. Plant medicinals are generally secondary metabolites and are generally found in plant tissues in very low concentrations. Consequently, large amounts of plant material are required for isolation of a particular compound in substantial quantities. Despite this, today a large number of pharmaceuticals are actually produced from higher plants. The most common and essential drugs of this kind are listed in Table 1. One would perhaps expect that these compounds are today available through modern methods in synthetic organic chemistry or microbial processes thus obviating the tedious extraction from plants. However, at present such alternative methods for the preparation of these important compounds are not available.
KeywordsImmobilize Cell Plant Tissue Culture Indole Alkaloid Essential Drug Synthetic Organic Chemistry
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