Advertisement

Rheology pp 397-408 | Cite as

Measurement of Dynamic Mechanical Properties

  • Takayuki Murayama

Abstract

Measurements of dynamic mechanical properties of viscoelastic materials have been reviewed. The technology for investigating the dynamic mechanical properties of materials has advanced greatly due to new electronic circuits, improved transducers, signal receiving systems, and computerized controlling systems. Some representative instruments and techniques are discussed. Molecular interpretation and effects of structure geometry are also reviewed. In addition, methods of measurement of dynamic properties in gas and liquid media are presented.

Keywords

Internal Friction Dynamic Mechanical Analysis Dynamic Modulus Dynamic Mechanical Property Torsion Pendulum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    T. Murayama, Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Polymeric Material, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., Amsterdam-Oxford, New York, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. E. Read and G. D. Dean, The Determination of Dynamic Properties of Polymers and Composites, Wiley, New York, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. P. Blake and W. S. Mitchell, Vibration and Acoustic Measuring Handbook, Spartan, New York, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. D. Ferry, Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers, 2nd. ed., Wiley, New York, 1969.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. E. Nielsen, Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1974.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. M. Ward, Mechanical Properties of Solid Polymers, Wiley, New York, 1971.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Takayanagi, Viscoelastic Properties of Crystalline Polymers, Mem. of the Fac. of Eng., Kyushu Univ., Vol. 23 (1963), No. 1.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. F. Boyer, in Polymeric Materials: Relationship Between Structure and Mechanical Behavior (E. Baer and S. V. Radcliffe, Ed.), Am. Soc. Metals, Ohio, 1974, Chap. 6, pp. 277–368.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. K. Gillham, S. J. Stadnicki, and Y. Hazony, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 21, 401 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. J. Massa, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2595 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. F. Erhardt, J. J. O’Malley, and R. G. Crystal, in Block Copolymers ( S. L. Aggarwal, Ed.), Plenum, New York, 1970, pp. 195–213.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Murayama, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 19, 3221 (1975).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Murayama, J. Appl. Polym. Sci, 20, 2593 (1976).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. Murayama, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 23, 1647 (1979).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Koga, T. Kajiyama, and M. Takayanagi, J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum., 8, 299 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Koga, T. Kajiyama, and M. Takayanagi, J. Polym. Sci., Phys. Ed., 14, 401 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Fukada, Progr. Polym. Sco., 2, 329 (1971).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. S. Kenyon, W. A. Grote, D. A. Wallace, and M. C. Rayford, ACS Polymer Preprints, 17, #2, 7–13 (Aug. 1976).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. E. Nielsen, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 22, 690 (1951).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. H. Illers and Jenckel, J. Polym. Sci., 41, 528 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Koppelmann, Kolloid-Z.Z-Polym., 144, 12 (1955).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    D. J. Plazek, M. N. Vrancken, and J. W. Berge, Trans. Soc. Rheol., 2, 39 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    N. Tokita, J. Polym. Sco., 20, 515 (1956).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. K. Gillham, in Techniques and Methods of Polymer Evaluation, Vol. 2 ( P. E. Slade, Jr., and L. T. Jenkins, Eds.), Marcel Dekker, New York, 1970, p. 225.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. F. Boyer, Polymer, 17, 996 (1976).MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    K. Fujino, H. Kawai, and M. Horio, Textile Res. J. 25, 722 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Horio, S. Onogi, C. Nakayama, and K. Yamamoto, J. Appl. Phys., 22, 966 (1951).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. Buchdahl, R. J. Morgan, and L. E. Nielsen, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 41, 1342 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. N. Gent, Br. J. Appl. Phys., 11, 165 (1960).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sangamo Controls Ltd., Weissenberg Rheogoniometer Instruction Manual, Sussex, England.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rheometrics, Inc., Mechanical Spectrometer, Product Bulletin, Union, N. J., U.S.A., 1976.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. L. Cerro, C. W. Macosko, and L. E. Scriven, Nat. Phys. Sci., 241 (1973) 146.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    F. G. Mussatti and C. W. Macosko, Polym. Eng. Sci., 13, 236 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. H. Southern and D. R. Paul, Polym. Eng. Sci., 14, 560 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    N. Nakajima, D. W. Ward, and E. A. Collins, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 20, 1187 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    C. W. Macosko and P. J. Morse, VII International Congress on Rheology, Gothenburg, Sweden, Proceeding Preprint 376 (Aug. 1976).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    E. Broyer and C. W. Macosko, SPE Tech. Papers, 21, 343 (1975).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    W. M. Davis and C. W. Macosko, SPE Tech. Papers, 22, 408 (1976).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    DuPont Instruments, 980 Dynamic Mechanical Analysis System (DMA), 1976.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Gruel and Kjaer Instruments, Instructions and Applications of Complex Modulus Apparatus Type 3930, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1974.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. C. McMaster, Nondestructive Testing Handbook, Ronald Press, New York, 1963, Sect. 43. 9.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    E. A. Whitehurst, Evaluation of Concrete Properties from Sonic Tests, ACI Monogr. No. 2, 1966, p. 3.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    J. K. Craver and D. L. Taylor, Nondestructive Sonic Measurement of Paper Elasticity, Tappi Plastic Conference, 19–21, Octo. 1964.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    C. F. Zorowski and T. Murayama, Textile Res. J., 37, 852 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    R. S. Stein and T. Oda, J. Polym. Sci., B, 9, 543 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    S. Suehiro, Dynamic X-ray Diffraction Technique for Measuring Rheo-Optical Properties of Crystalline Polymeric Materials, Dissertation, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan (1978).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    S. Suehiro, T. Yamada, H. Inagaki and H. Kawai, Polymer Journal, 10, 3, pp. 315 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    N. G. McCrum, B. E. Read, and G. William, Anelastic and Dielectric Effect in Polymeric Solids, Wiley, New York (1967).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. H. Willbourn, Trans. Faraday Soc. 54, 717 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    T. F. Shatzki, J. Polym. Sci., 57, 496 (1962).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. F. Boyer, Rubber Rev. 34, 1303 (1963).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    R. F. Boyer, J. Polym. Sci. C. 14, 267 (1966).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    L. Utracki, J. Macromol. Sci., Phys., B10 (3) 477 (1974).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    K. Ueberreiter and J. Naghagaden, Kolloid-Z, Z-Polym., 250, 927 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    E. A. Sidorovitch, A. I. Marei, and N. S. Gashtol’d, Rubber Chem. Technol., 44, 166 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    J. P. Bell and T. Murayama, J. Polym. Sci., Part A-2, 7, 1059 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    P. R. Pinnock and I. M. Ward, Polymer, 7, 255 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    K. H. Illers and H. Breuer, J. Colloid Sci., 18, 1 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    J. H. Dumbleton and T. Murayama, Kolloid-Z., Z-Polym., 220, 41 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    T. Murayama and B. Silverman, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed., 11, 1873 (1973).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    E. L. Lawton, T. Murayama, V. F. Holland, and D. C. Felty, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (in press).Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    J. E. Ruzicka, Structural Damping, Am. Soc. of Mech. Eng., New York (1959).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    ASTM Special Technical Publication No. 378, Internal Friction, Damping and Cyclic Plasticity (1964).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    T. Murayama, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 24, 1413 (1979).Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    C. F. Zorowski and T. Murayama, Proc. First Int. Conf. on Mech. Behay. of Mater., Vol. 5, Soc. of Mater. Sci., Kyoto, p. 28 (1972).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takayuki Murayama
    • 1
  1. 1.Monsanto Triangle Park Development Center, Inc.Research Triangle ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations