Rheology pp 281-286 | Cite as

Deformation Induced Volume Relaxation in a Styrene-Butadiene Copolymer

  • H. G. Merriman
  • J. M. Caruthers


The viscoelastic behavior of a solid polymer in the vicinity of the glass transition temperature Tg depends upon the temperature, the level of deformation, and the thermal history (1–4). It has been suggested that all of these effects can be described by the free volume theory (5).


Free Volume Applied Strain Solid Polymer Shift Factor Fractional Free Volume 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J.D. Ferry, “Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers”, John Wiley, NY, (1970).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L.C.E. Struik, “Physical Aging in Amphorous Polymers and Other Materials”, Elsevier, Amsterdam, (1978).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Matsuoka, H.E. Bair, and C.J. Aloisio, J. Poly. Sci.: Poly. Symp., 46, 115 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Matsuoka, H.E. Bair, S.S. Bearder, H.E. Kern, and J.T. Ryan, Poly.Eng. and Sci., 18, 1073 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.K. Doolittle, J. Appl. Phys., 22, 1471 (1951).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.M. Hutchinson and A.J. Kovacs, “Symp. Structure of Non-Crystalline Materials”, P.H. Gaskell, ed., Taylor and Francis Ltd, London (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.J. Kovacs, J.M. Hutchinsen and J.J. Aklonis, “Symp. Structure of Non-Crystalline Materials”, ibid. (1976).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    I.M. Hopkins, J. Poly. Sci., 28, 631 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L.W. Moreland and E.H. Lee, Trans. Soc. Rheol., 4, 233 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Okuyama, K. Yagil, S.C. Sharda, and N.W. Tschogel, Poly. Eng. and Science, 14, 38 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H.G. Merriman and J.M. Caruthers, to be published.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Simha and R.F. Boyer, J. Chem. Phys., 37, 1003 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. G. Merriman
    • 1
  • J. M. Caruthers
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemical EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Personalised recommendations