Rheology pp 535-540 | Cite as

Entanglement Formation Near the Glass Transition Temperature

  • H. H. Kausch
  • K. Jud


The formation and breakdown of entanglement coupling points between molecular coils plays an important role in polymer rheology. Their effect on the viscosity of solutions and on the elastic modulus of rubbery networks is well investigated. Until recently very little was known, however, on the kinetics of entanglement formation at temperatures close to the glass transition temperature (Tg) although the practical importance of chain interpenetration and entanglement coupling for good mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials, especially at long times, higher temperatures and in the presence of active environments, is generally recognized. In the last few years, however, the self-diffusion and interpenetration of chain molecules in entangled polymer systems has attracted growing attention following the development of the reptation model of longitudinal diffusional motion by De Gennes (1) and Doi and Edwards (2). Experimental studies have been carried out meanwhile concerning the kinetics (3–5) and the mechanical effects (6) of chain penetration. In this paper the mechanism of entanglement formation and resolution is further investigated by variation of the conditions of entanglement formation and by measurement of the energy necessary for the mechanical separation of the partially interdiffused networks.


Fracture Toughness Glass Transition Temperature Compact Tension Virgin Material Entanglement Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P.G. De Gennes, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 572 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Doi, S.F. Edwards, J.C.S. Faraday II 74, 1789 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Klein, B.J. Briscoe, Proc. Roy. Soc. A 365, 53 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Koch, R. Kimmich, 26. IUPAC Sympos. Makro Mainz 1979, Vol. II, 1078Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Sillescu, G. Zimmer, W. Wetterauer, ibid., 1082Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Jud, H.H. Kausch, Polym. Bull. 1, 697 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.F. Fellers, B.F. Kee, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 18, 2355 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W.W. Graessley, to be published in J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Edn.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D.W. Van Krevelen, Properties of Polymers, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. H. Kausch
    • 1
  • K. Jud
    • 1
  1. 1.Chaire de PolymèresEcole Polytechnique FédéraleLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations