Rheology pp 219-241 | Cite as

Chemical Engineering Problems in Rheologically Complex Fluids

  • R. A. Mashelkar


Engineering problems in three important areas viz. complex pipe flows, transport processes in agitated vessels and two-phase flows have been, reviewed. Present method of engineering analysis and its role in scale-up and design for processes involving rheologically complex fluids has been critically reviewed. Potential role of certain “rheological phenomena” in transport processes of engineering interest has also been examined.


Newtonian Fluid Secondary Flow Viscoelastic Fluid Deborah Number Critical Shear Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Acharya, A., Mashelkar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1976, Rheol. Acta., 15:454, 471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acharya, A., Mashelkar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1977, Chem.Eng.Sci., 32: 863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Acharya, A., Mashelkar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1978a, Ind.Eng.Chem. Fundls, 17:230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Acharya, A., Mashelkar, H.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1978b, Canad.Jl. Chem.Eng., 56:19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Acharya, A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1978, AIChE J1., 24:345Google Scholar
  6. Ajayi, O., 1975, J1.Eng.Maths, 9:273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Akay, G., 1979, Rheol. Acta., 18:256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arai, I., and Toyoda, H., 1970, Proc. 5th. int. Congr. on Rheol. (University Park Press), 4:1961Google Scholar
  9. Astarita, G., and Apuzzo, G., 1965, ATChE J1., 11:815Google Scholar
  10. Astarita, G., 1974, Chem.Eng.Sci., 29:1273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Astarita, G., and Marrucci, G., 1974, Principles of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics’, McGraw Hill, Berks (U.K.)Google Scholar
  12. Astarita, G., and Denn, M.M., 1975, in: ‘Theoretical Rheology’, J.F. Hutton, J.R.A. Pearson and K. Walters, eds., Halsted Press, Wiley, NYGoogle Scholar
  13. Astarita, G., and Mashelkar, R.A., 1977, The Chem. Engr, (Lond.), 100Google Scholar
  14. Barnes, H.A., and Walters, K., 1969, Proc.Roy.Soc. London, A 314:85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Barnes, H.A., Townsend, P., and Walters, K., 1971, Rheol. Acta., 10:517Google Scholar
  16. Bhavaraju, S.M., Mashelkar, R.A., and Blanch, H.W., 1978a, AIChE J1., 24:1063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bhavaraju, S.M., Mashelkar, R.A., and Blanch, H.W., 1978b, AIChE Jl., 24:1070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bieseker, B., 1972, VDI -Forschungsheft, 554Google Scholar
  19. Bird, R.B., 1976, Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech., 8:13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bird, R.B., Armstrong, R.C., and Hassager, O., 1977, ‘Dynamics of Polymeric Liquids, Vol. 1, Fluid Mechanics1, Wiley, NYGoogle Scholar
  21. Blanch, H.W., and Bhavaraju, S.M,, 1976, Biotech. Bioeng., 18:745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bond, W.N., and Newton, P.A., 1924, Phil. Mag., 5:793Google Scholar
  23. Buchholz, H., Buchholz, R., Lücke, J., and Schugerl, K., 1978, Chem. Eng.Sci., 33:1061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Cable, P.J., and Boger, D.V., 1978, AIChE J1., 24:869, 992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cable, P.J., and Boger, D.V., 1979, AIChE J1., 25:152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Calderbank, P.H., Johnson, D.S.I., and Loudon, J., 1970, Chem.Eng. Sci., 25: 235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Carreau, P.J., Patterson, I., and Yap, C.Y., 1976, Canad. Jl. Chem. Eng., 54:135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chavan, V.V., Arumugam, M., and Ulbrecht J., 1975a, AIChE J1., 21:613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Chavan, V.V., Ford, D.E., and Arumugam, M., 1975b, Canad. J1. Chem. Eng., 53:628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Cheng, D.C.-H, 1979, Warren Spring Laboratory (Stevenage, U.K.) Report No. LR 317 (MH)Google Scholar
  31. Davies, J.T., and Young-Hoon, A.A., 1974, Chem.Eng.Sci., 29:1115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Davies, J.M., Bhumiratna, S., and Bird, R.B., 1978, J1. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 3:537Google Scholar
  33. Desai, M., 1974, M.Sc Thesis, Univ. SalfordGoogle Scholar
  34. Dodson, A.G., Townsend, P., and Walters, K., 1971, Rheol. Acta., 10:508Google Scholar
  35. Dodson, A.G., Townsend, P., and Walters, K., 1974, Computers and Fluids, 2:317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Dullien, F.A.L., and Azzam, M.I.S., 1973, AIChE J1., 19:222, 1035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Edwards, M.F., and Wilkinson, W.L., 1972, The Chem. Engr., 328Google Scholar
  38. Erlcksen, J.L., 1956, Quart. Appi. Math., 14, 318Google Scholar
  39. Everage, A.E. (Jr.), 1973, Trans. Soc. Rheol., 17:629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Feldkamp, K., 1962, Technische Hochschule BraunschweigGoogle Scholar
  41. Flummerfelt, R.W:, 1972, Ind.Eng.Chem.FundIs., 11:312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Fogler, H.S., and Goddard, J.D., 1970, Phys. Fluids, 13:1135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Giesekus, H., 1963, Rheol. Acta., 3:59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Giesekus, R., 1965, Proc. 5th Int. Congr. Rheol., 1:240Google Scholar
  45. Goldin, M., Terushalmi, J., Pfeffer, R., and Shinnar, R., 1969, J1. Fluid Mech., 38:689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Gouse, S.W., 1966, HIT Reports DSR 8734–6-1966Google Scholar
  47. Govler, G.W., and Aziz, K., 1972, ‘The Flow of Complex Mixtures in Pipes’, van-Nostrand-Reinhold, NYGoogle Scholar
  48. Greskovlch, E.J., and Shrier, A.L., 1971, Ind.Eng.Chem.Fund1s., 10:646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Gunn, R.W., Mena, B., and Walters, K., 1974, ZAMP, 25:591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Han, CD., 1973, J1.Appl.Polym.Sci., 17:1289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Han, CD., 1976, ‘Rheology in Polymer Processing’, Acad. Press., NYGoogle Scholar
  52. Hartland, S.., 1967, I.Chem.Eng.Symp.Ser., 26:82Google Scholar
  53. Hinch-, E.J., and Elata, C., 1979, J1. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 5:411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Hiraoka, S., Yamada, I., and Mlzoguchi, K., 1979, J1. Chem .Eng. Japan, 12:56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Hirose, T., and Moo-Young, M., 1969, Can.J1.Chem.Eng., 47, 265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hocker, H., and Langer, G., 1977, Rheol. Acta., 16:400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Ide, Y., and White, J.L., 1974, J1.Appl.Polym.Sci., 18:2997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. James, D.F., and Acosta, A., 1970, J1. Fluid Mech., 42:269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Jones, J.R., 1964, Jl. de Mecanique, 3:79Google Scholar
  60. Jones, R.S., 1967, Jl. de Mecanique, 6:443Google Scholar
  61. Jones, J.R., 1975, Rheol. Acta., 14:397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kale, D.D., Masheikar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1974, Chemie.Ing.Tech., 46:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Kale, D.D., Masheikar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1975, Rheol. Acta., 14:631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kawahara, M., and N. Takenchi, 1977, Computers and Fluids, 5:33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kelkar, J.V., and Mashelkar, R.A., 1972, J1. Appl. Polym. Sci., 16:3047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kelkar, J.V., Mashelkar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1972, Trans.Instn Chem.Engrs, 50:343Google Scholar
  67. Kelkar, J.V., Mashelkar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1973a, Chem.Eng. Sci., 28:664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Kelkar, J.V., Mashelkar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1973b, J1.Appl. Polym.Sci., 17:3069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Khan, A.A., and Han, C.D., 1976, Trans.Soc.Rheol., 20:595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Khan, A.A., and Han, C.D., 1977, Trans.Soc.Rheol., 21:101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Kumar, R., and Kuloor, N.R., 1968, Advances Chem. Eng., Acad. Press, NYGoogle Scholar
  72. Kumar, R., and Saradhy, Y.P., 1972, Ind.Eng.Chem.Fundls., 11:308Google Scholar
  73. Leal, L.G., Skoog, J.., and Acrivos, A., 1971, Can. J1.Chem. Eng., 49:569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Leal, L.G., 1979, J1.Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 5:33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Mac Lean, D.L., 1973, Trans.Soc.Rheol., 17:385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Mahalingam, R., and Valle, M.A., 1972, Ind.Eng.Chem.Fundls, 11:470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Mahalingam, R., 1980, in: ‘Advances in Transport Processes’, A.S. Mujumdar and R.A. Mashelkar, eds., Wiley Eastern, NDGoogle Scholar
  78. Manero, O., and Mena, B., 1977, Rheol. Acta., 16:573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Marrucci, C., Apuzzo, G., and Astarita, G., 1970, AIChE Jl., 16:538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Mashelkar, R.A., 1973, AIChE Jl., 19:382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Mashelkar, R.A., 1976, Chem.Ind.Develop., 10:17Google Scholar
  82. Mashelkar, R.A., 1977, paper presented at the 30th annual session of HChE, ChandigarhGoogle Scholar
  83. Mashelkar, R.A., 1979, Proc. TCMA Symp. on ‘Recent Advances in Fermentation’, p.25Google Scholar
  84. Mashelkar, R.A., and Devarajan, G.V., 1976, Trans.Instn.Chem.Engrs, 54:100, 108Google Scholar
  85. Mashelkar, R.A., and Devarajan, G.V., 1977, Trans.Instn.Chem.Engrs, 55:29Google Scholar
  86. Mashelkar, R.A., and Devarajan, G.V., 1980, in preparationGoogle Scholar
  87. Mashelkar, R.A., and Marrucci, C., 1980, Rheol. Acta., forwarded for publicationGoogle Scholar
  88. Mashelkar, R.A., and Soylu, M.A., 1974, Chem. Eng. Sci., 29:1089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mena, B., and Manero, O. in: ‘Proc 7th Int. Congr. Rheol.’, C. Klason and J. Kubat, eds., p.400Google Scholar
  90. Mena, B., Manero, O., and Binding, D.M., 1979, J1. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech, 5:427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Mendleson, K.D., 1967, AIChE J1., 13:256Google Scholar
  92. Metzner, A.B., and Otto, R.E., 1957, AIChE J1., 3:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Metzner, A.B., and Taylor, J.S., 1960, AIChE J1., 6:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Metzner, A.B., Feehs, R.K., Romos, H.L., Otto, R.E., and Tuthill, J.P., 1961, AIChE Jl., 7:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Metzner, A.B., and Astarita, C., 1967, AIChE J1., 13:550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Metzner, A.B., in: ‘Improved Oil Recovery by Surfactant and Polymer Flooding’, Acad. Press, NY, p.439Google Scholar
  97. Middleman, S., 1977, ‘Fundameatals of Polymer Processing’, McGraw-Hill, NYGoogle Scholar
  98. Middleman, S., 1978, Polym. Eng. Sci., 18:355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Miller, C., 1972, Ind.Eng.Chem.Fundls, 11:524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Mitsuishi, N., and Y. Aoyagi, 1969, Chem.Eng.Sci., 24:309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Nagata, S., 1975, ‘Mixing: Principles and Applications’, John Wiley, NYGoogle Scholar
  102. Nakano, Y., and Tien, C., 1968, AIChE J1., 14:145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Nakano, Y., and Tien, C., 1970, AIChE J1., 16:569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Oldroyd, J.G., 1958, Proc .Roy-Soc., A 245:278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Oldroyd, J.G., 1965, Proc.Roy.Soc., A 283:115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Oliver, D.R., and Young-Hoon, A., 1968, Trans.Instn.Chem.Engrs, 46:106Google Scholar
  107. Oliver, D.R., and Karim, R.B., 1971, Can.Jl.Chem.Eng., 49:263Google Scholar
  108. Oliver, U.R., and Asghar, A., 1976, Trans.Instn.Chem.Engrs, 54:218Google Scholar
  109. Parker, B.R., Godfrey, J.C., and Wilkinson, W.L., 1976, in: ‘Proc. 7th Int. Congr. Rheol’., C. Klason and J. Rubat, eds., p.308Google Scholar
  110. Payatakesr, A.C., Tien, C., and Turian, R.M., 1973, AIChE J1., 19:58, 67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Pearson, J.R.A., 1266, ‘Mechanical Principles of Melt Processing,’ Pergaman-, NYGoogle Scholar
  112. Perera, M.G.N., and Walters, K., 1977, J1.Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 2:49, 191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Peters, D.C., and Smith, J.M., 1969, Can.Jl.Chem.Eng., 47:268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Petrie, C.J.S., and Denn, M.M., 1976, AIChE Jl., 22:209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Phan Thien, N., 1978, J1.Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 4:167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Pipkin, A.C., 1963, ‘Proc. 4th Int. Congr. Rheol.’, 1:213Google Scholar
  117. Quraishi, A., Masrhelkar, R.A., and Ulbrecht, J., 1977, AIChE J1., 23:487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Ranade, V.R., and Ulbrecht, J., 1978, AIChE Jl., 24:796CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Reddy, K.R., and Tanner, R.I., 1977, Proc. 6th. Annual Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics Conf., p..431Google Scholar
  120. Roost, J.P., 1974, Adv.Chem.Ser., No .133:303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Rosrehart, R.G., Scott, D.S., and Rhodes, E., 1972, AIChE J1., 18:744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Rosehart, R.G., Rhodes, E., and Scott, D.S., 1975, Chem.Eng.J1., 10:57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Schechter, R.S., 1961, AIChE J1., 7:445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Schowalter, W., 1977, ‘Mechanics of Non-Newtonian Fluids’, Pergaman, NYGoogle Scholar
  125. Semjonow, V., 1567, Rheol. Acta., 6:171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Sheffield, R.E., and Metzner, A.B., 1976, AIChE Jl., 22:736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Shima, A., and Tsujino, T., 1978, J1 .Appl.Mech., 45:37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Skelland, A.H.P., 1967, ‘Non-Newtonian Flow and Heat Transfer’, John Wiley, NYGoogle Scholar
  129. Skelland, A.H.P., and Popadic, V.O., 1974a, AIChE Jl., 20:551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Skelland, A.K.P., and Popadic, V.O., 1974b, Chem.Eng.Jl., 8:235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Slattery, J.C., 1964, AIChE J1., 10:817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Southern-, J.H., and Ballman, R.L., 1973, Appl.PolynuSymp., 20:175Google Scholar
  133. Spiers, R.P., Subbaraman, C.V., and Wilkinson, W.L., 1975, Chem.Eng. Sci., 30:379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Street, J.R., Fricke, A.L., Reiss, P.L., 1971, Ind.Eng.Chem.Fundls, 10:54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Sylvester, N.D., Tyler, J.S., and Skelland, A.H.P., 1973, Canad.Jl. Chem.Eng., 51:418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Sylvester, N.D., and Frill, J.P., 1976, AIChE J1., 22:615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Tadmor, B., and Klein, I., 1970, ‘Engineering Principles of Plasticating Extruders’, van Nostrand (Reinhold), NYGoogle Scholar
  138. Tanner, R.I., Nickell, R.E., and Bilger, R.W., 1975, Comp.Meth. Appl.Mech.Eng., 6:155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Thwaitesr, G.R., Kulov, N.N., and Nedderman, R.M., 1976, Chem. Eng.Sci., 31:481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Thomas, R.H., and Walters, K., J1.Fluld Mech., 16:228Google Scholar
  141. Ting, R.Y., 1975, AIChE J1., 21:810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Ting, X.Y., 1977, Physr. Fluids, 20:1427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Townsend, P., 1973, Rheol. Acta., 12:13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Ulbrecht, J., 1974, The Chem. Engr. (Lond.), 347Google Scholar
  145. Ultman, J.S., and Denn, M.M., 1971, Chem.Eng.J1., 2:81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Vidyanidhi, V.., and Sitapathi, A., 1970, Jl.Phys.Soc.Jap., 29:215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Van Oene, H.., 1978, in: Polymer Blends1, D.R. Paul, and S. Newman, eds., Acad. Presrs, NTGoogle Scholar
  148. Van ‘t met, K., 1974, Dechema Monogr., 74:1432Google Scholar
  149. Wagner, M.G., and Slattery, J.C., 1971, AIChE J1., 17:1198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Walstra, P., 1974, Chem.Eng.Sci., 29:882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Walters, K., 1962, Quart. Jl. Appl. Math., 15:63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Walters, K., 1979, Jl. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 5:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Walters, K., and Savins, J.G., 1965, Trans.Soc.Rheol., 9:407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Walters, K., Barnesr, H.A., and Dodson, A.G., 1971, in: ‘Drag Reduction’, CEP Symp. Ser. 67:1Google Scholar
  155. Wheeler, J.A., and Wissler, E.H., 1965, AIChE J1., 11:207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Wheeler, J.A., and Wissler, E.H., 1966, Trans. Soc. Rheol., 10:353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. White, J.L., Ufford, U.C., Dharod, K.H., and Price, R.L., 1972, Jl.Appl.PolynuSci., 16:1313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. White, J.L., Chakralphan, S., and Ide, Y., 1977, Trans.Soc.Rheol., 21:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Yagi, H., and Yoshida, F., 1975, Ind. Eng. Chem. Proc.Des.Develop., 14:488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Yang, W.Jv, and Teh., H.-C., 1966, AIChE Jl., 12:927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Young, D.M., and Wheeler, M.F., 1964, in: ‘Non-linear Problems in Engineering’, Acad. Press, NTGoogle Scholar
  162. Yu, T.C., and Han, C.D., 1973, J1.App;. Polym. Sci., 17:1203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Zana, K., and Leal, L.G., 1975, Ind..Eng.Chem.Fundls, 14:175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Zana, E., and Leal, L.G., 1978, Int.J1. Multiphase Flow, 4:237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Ziabicki, A., 1976, ‘Fundamentals of Fibre Formation’, John Wiley, NY-Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Mashelkar
    • 1
  1. 1.National Chemical LaboratoryPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations