Impact of Enzyme Engineering on Science Policy
In view of the theme of this volume, it is interesting to take note of the history of the enzyme project developed under the International Federation of Institutes for Advanced Study (IFIAS) and especially its role in promoting international cooperation. A summary of this project for 1973 to 1977 has been issued (1). This project is an interesting illustration of the potential for the willingness of scientists in different countries and fields to work together on problems which are important for the long term survival of mankind. It is, however, also an example of the many obstacles for genuine international cooperation. Quick moves can be made by groups like IFIAS on subjects before the topic enjoys the status of an established academic discipline at the national research policy level. But, one runs the risk of not getting financial or other support when it is needed; and the whole initiative is killed. Or, in a few cases extraordinary efforts are made by the individual researchers involved, and inventive measures are taken to finance the component parts that constitute the necessary ingredients to test and develop the initial innovative idea. In the case of the IFIAS enzyme project, we were fortunate in having both dedicated leadership and the devoted cooperation of many researchers who believed in the ideals and the scientific potential of the project.
KeywordsScience Policy Tropical Disease Solar Energy Conversion Policy Impact Little Develop Country
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Heden, C. “Socio-Economic and Ethical Implications of Enzyme Engineering” Report No. 15, IFIAS, Stockholm, 1978.Google Scholar
- 2.IFIAS Report No. 13: Workshop on Physico-Chemical Aspects of Electron Transfer Processes in Enzyme Systems. Pushchino-on-the Oka, USSR, August 11–16, 1975.Google Scholar
- 3.Pye, E. K., ed, “Biotechnology of Electron Transfer Processes”, IFIAS Report, in press.Google Scholar
- 4.Wingard Jr., L. B. New Scientist 64: 565, 1974.Google Scholar
- 5.Hall, D. & Slesser, M. New Scientist: 15 July 1976.Google Scholar
- 6.Anderson, R. E. Natural Science Research Council Yearbook 1976/77: 177.Google Scholar
- 7.Anderson, R. E. “Biological Paths to Self-Reliance” Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, in press.Google Scholar
- 8.Sinyak, K., Heden, C, Lundbeck, H. & Nemec, T. “Significance of Infectious Disease Control in Developing Countries — An Experiment in Military Redeployment” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Sweden, in press.Google Scholar