Teaching Man-Made Ecosystems

  • Abraham Blum
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 18)


Man-made ecosystems endanger man’s own life on planet earth. Many environmental science curriculum projects believe a systems approach should be used, but only a small minority tries to do so.

Although agriculture is the oldest man-made ecosystem, it is seldom taught as such. Yet agro-ecosystems have the advantage that they are relatively simple and therefore could be useful as introductory units to systems analysis. Examples from the Australian Agriculture and Environmental Science Course, the Israeli Production Ecology course and the Sde Boker project show how the systems approach can be used to teach the interrelatedness of elements within the agro-ecosystem and its relations with other systems.

A cybernetic approach is used also by the Hawaii Marine Studies Social Science Project and by the Engineering Concepts Curriculum Project. Examples from Why Shoreline Management and from Man Made World are cited to demonstrate this approach.


Urban System Production Ecology Term System Curriculum Project Environmental Science Project 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Anonymous. 1975. Victorian Universities and Schools Examinations Board. Handbook of Direction and Prescriptions for 1975, pp. 57–67. Victoria, Australia.Google Scholar
  2. Blum, A. (ed.) 1978. Agriculture as Environmental Science, a curriculum project. Ministry of Education and Culture, Jerusalem, Israel.Google Scholar
  3. Engineering Concepts Curriculum Project. 1971. The Man Made World. McGraw Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Engineering Concepts Curriculum Project. 1971. The Man Made World. McGraw Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Hawaii Marine Studies Social Science Project. 1976. Why Shoreline Management? Trial Version, University of Hawaii, Curriculum Research and Development Group, Honolulu, Hawaii.Google Scholar
  6. Odum, H. T. and E. C. Odum. 1976. Energy Basis of Man and Nature. McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Schultz, A. M. 1978. Environmental Education at Sde Boker. Midreshet Sde Boker, Israel. ( Mimeo. )Google Scholar
  8. Vester, F. 1976. Urban Systems in Crisis. Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abraham Blum
    • 1
  1. 1.Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael

Personalised recommendations