Decision Making and Environmental Education

Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 18)


This topic can be divided into two aspects: decision making as an instructional topic in environmental education units which should teach students how to decide on actions in controversial issues; and decision making by environmental education curriculum developers. In a survey of 40 American environmental education programs, 82% indicated that they think decision making should be part of environmental education, but only 36% had prepared instructional units for that purpose or intended to do so in the near future. The difficulties in the preparation of such units and the question if decision making is an art or science is discussed. Various techniques for the training in decision making are reviewed and examples are cited.

Two major decisions to be taken by curriculum planners in environmental education are: choosing the central theme of environmental education units and choosing the optimal framework for the introduction of the unit into the educational system. Four criteria for the choice of the central theme are discussed. Environmental education units can be introduced into existing school subjects where they can be part of integrated courses or of extra-curricular activities. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of the different alternatives are shown.


Environmental Education Extracurricular Activity Simulation Game Curriculum Unit Instructional Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Ben-Peretz, M. (ed.). 1974. Man and Water, Trial Version. University of Haifa, School of Education, Haifa. (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
  2. Blum, A. (ed.). 1974. Let’s Protect Plants. Ministry of Education Curricula, Curriculum Centre, Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  3. Blum, A. 1977. Water Pollution in Environmental Education Curricula, a comparative study. Institute for Science Education ( IPN) at the University of Kiel, Kiel.Google Scholar
  4. Blum, A. (ed.) 1978. Agriculture as Environmental Science. Ministry of Education and Culture, Curriculum Centre, Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  5. Blum, A. 1979. A Comparative Survey of Environmental Education Projects (in preparation).Google Scholar
  6. Brennan, M. J. 1968/69. People and Their Environment. Teachers’ curriculum guide to conservation education. Ferguson, Chicago, Ill.Google Scholar
  7. BSCS, Biological Science Curriculum Study. 1977. Energy and Society, Investigations in Decision-Making. Hubbard, Northbrook, Ill.Google Scholar
  8. ERC, Educational Research Council of America. 1976. You and the Environment, An investigative approach. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Mass.Google Scholar
  9. Eulefeld, G. (ed.) 1976. Unterrichtseinheit Probleme der Wasserverschmutzung, Trial Version, IPN, Kiel.Google Scholar
  10. FAST, Foundational Approach to Science Teaching. 1976. FAST 2, Relational Strand. University of Hawaii, Curriculum Research and Development Group, Honolulu, Hawaii.Google Scholar
  11. Foecke, H. D. 1971. Science and Technology Education for Rural Development. In Education for Rural Development in Africa. UNESCO Field Science Office for Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.Google Scholar
  12. Hawaii Marine Studies Social Science Project, 1976. Why Shoreline Management. University of Hawaii, Curriculum Research and Development Group, Honolulu, Hawaii.Google Scholar
  13. Kelly, P. J. (ed.) 1975. People and Resources. Evans, London.Google Scholar
  14. Lockard, J. D. 1977. Twenty Years of Science and Mathematics Curricular Activities. University of Maryland, Science Teaching Center, College Park, MD.Google Scholar
  15. Service for the Protection of Environmental Quality. 1976. As Necessary as Air, Trial Version. Jerusalem. (in Hebrew)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Blum
    • 1
  1. 1.Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael

Personalised recommendations