Bacillary Dysentery

  • Herbert L. DuPont
  • Larry K. Pickering
Part of the Current Topics in Infectious Disease book series (CTID)


Bacillary dysentery is a common diarrheal syndrome generally caused by one of 32 serotypes of Shigella and less commonly by invasive strains of E. coli. Many cases of dysentery remain undiagnosed after laboratory examination. Camp ylobacter recently has been shown to produce a dysentery syndrome, and other causes will be identified in future studies. The term “dysentery” was used by Hippocrates to indicate a condition characterized by the frequent passage of stools containing blood and mucus and accompanied by straining and painful defecation. At the end of the 19th century, the causative agents were identified, and the two forms of dysentery, bacillary and amebic, were distinguished. Much of the dysentery described in older writings is felt to be bacillary (shigellosis) in origin due to rarity of liver involvement. Outbreaks of bacillary dysentery through the first World War were as important in deciding the outcome of most military campaigns as war-related injuries. The most characteristic clinical picture of shigellosis is dysentery (bloody, mucoid stools) in which the passage of numerous small-volume stools is associated with variable degrees of fever, systemic toxicity, fecal urgency, and tenesmus. The causative agent may produce less striking diarrhea without fever.


Cynomolgus Monkey Watery Diarrhea Shigella Flexneri Acute Diarrhea Oxolinic Acid 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert L. DuPont
    • 1
  • Larry K. Pickering
    • 2
  1. 1.Program in Infectious Diseases and Clinical MicrobiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center Medical SchoolHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Pediatric Infectious Diseases Program in Infectious Diseases and Clinical MicrobiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center Medical SchoolHoustonUSA

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