Fluid and Dietary Management of Acute Diarrhea

  • Herbert L. DuPont
  • Larry K. Pickering
Part of the Current Topics in Infectious Disease book series (CTID)


Patients who develop diarrhea generally experience an excess loss of fluid and electrolytes via the gastrointestinal tract. If vomiting complicates the illness, this loss is compounded. Continued loss of fluid and/or electrolytes leads to dehydration, which is the most severe complication of diarrheal disease. Children and especially infants are more susceptible to dehydration because of the greater rate of water turnover in relation to their total body weight.1,2 Elderly patients and patients of any age with an underlying disorder such as cardiovascular disease are more susceptible to dehydration and its sequelae. Maintaining optimal hydration and electrolyte balance is critical in any patient with diarrhea. This chapter will deal with fluid and electrolyte and dietary management of patients with diarrhea.


Oral Therapy Diarrheal Disease Acute Diarrhea Dietary Management Tropical Sprue 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert L. DuPont
    • 1
  • Larry K. Pickering
    • 2
  1. 1.Program in Infectious Diseases and Clinical MicrobiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center Medical SchoolHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Pediatric Infectious Diseases Program in Infectious Diseases and Clinical MicrobiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center Medical SchoolHoustonUSA

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