Counseling Rape Victims
Rape victims have undergone an experience of extreme stress that is often sudden, unexpected, and felt to be life-threatening. Our working assumption is that rape arouses massive anxiety that produces a rupture of intrapsychic homeostasis. This in turn precipitates a painful and dysfunctional state of crisis (Golan, 1969, 1978). There are widely observed time-limited and phase-specific emotional and behavioral reactions described as the rape trauma syndrome (Burgess & Holmstrom, 1974a,b; Sutherland & Scherl, 1970). Indeed, the rape trauma syndrome is consistent with other gross stress syndromes and crisis reactions reported in the literature (Horowitz, 1976; Lindemann, 1944; Smith, 1978; Titchener & Kapp, 1976).
KeywordsCrisis Intervention Rape Victim Clinical Instructor Counseling Process District Attorney
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