A Molecular Orbital Approach to Organic Chemistry

  • Fredric M. Menger
  • Leon Mandell


Simplicity is one of the main attributes of “electron pushing.” Using a relatively small number of basic rules, one can rationalize a vast number of organic reactions, predict the products of reactions on new systems, and design new reactions. It does not really matter if electron pushing has little physical reality. What does matter is that the method works and that it is fast and simple. Sophisticated theoretical approaches, often requiring prodigious amounts of computer time, can also predict organic chemical behavior, but they are often not useful in the day-to-day routine of most organic chemists.


Molecular Orbital High Occupied Molecular Orbital Lower Unoccupied Molecular Orbital Correlation Diagram Terminal Carbon 
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Suggested Reading

  1. 1.
    I. Fleming, Frontier Orbitals and Organic Chemical Reactions, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1976).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Klopman in Chemical Reactivity and Reaction Paths (G. Klopman, ed.), John Wiley and Sons, New York (1974).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. G. Pearson, Symmetry Rules for Chemical Reactions, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1976).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. J. S. Dewar and R. C. Dougherty, The PMO Theory of Organic Chemistry, Plenum Press, New York (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Liberies, Introduction to Molecular-Orbital Theory, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York (1966).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fredric M. Menger
    • 1
  • Leon Mandell
    • 1
  1. 1.Emory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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