Biological Methods for the Separation of Lymphoid Cells

  • Chris D. Platsoucas
  • Nicholas Catsimpoolas
Part of the Biological Separations book series (BIOSEP)


Presently, it has been conclusively established that three major classes of cells are involved in the immune response (Miller and Mitchell, 1969; Katz and Benacerraf, 1972; Good, 1972): T lymphocytes which are thymus-dependent and responsible for the so-called cell-mediated immunity and overall regulation of the immune response; B lymphocytes which are thymus independent and functional in the humoral aspects of immunity; and macrophages (and monocytes) which “process” and present the antigen to T lymphocytes and, therefore, regulate the immune response by rather nonspecific means. These three major classes of lymphoid cells, and especially the T and B lymphocytes, are further subdivided to a large number of functionally distinct subpopulations (Stout and Herzenberg, 1975; Lobo et al., 1975; Murphy et al., 1976; Scher et al., 1976; Press et al., 1976; Cantor and Boyse, 1976; Moretta et al., 1977), so that the overall picture of the individual cell types forming the lymphoid cell system appears very complex. The significance and need for cell separation methods in studies of this complex system is obvious. Experiments designed to identify the functional role of lymphocyte subpopulations require “homogeneous” or “pure” populations of cells. Furthermore, precise functional and structural characterization of cells from lymphoproliferative and myeloproliferative disorders can be accomplished only with relatively homogeneous abnormal cell populations.


Human Lymphocyte Complement Receptor Lymphocyte Subpopulation Sheep Erythrocyte Mixed Lymphocyte Culture 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris D. Platsoucas
    • 1
  • Nicholas Catsimpoolas
    • 1
  1. 1.Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Nutrition and Food ScienceMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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