Advertisement

Uniqueness pp 77-101 | Cite as

Individual Differences in Need for Uniqueness

  • C. R. Snyder
  • Howard L. Fromkin
Part of the Perspectives in Social Psychology book series (PSPS)

Abstract

In the previous chapters, data have been presented to support the contention that people exhibit a need to manifest their uniqueness in various situations. Although the striving for uniqueness appears to be influenced by situational factors, it is also logical to speculate that different people evidence different degrees of uniqueness motivation in similar circumstances. That is, there are probably dispositional individual differences among people with regard to their uniqueness motivation. For example, one person may grow up strongly desiring to be unique, while another person may develop a low need for uniqueness. In this regard, the reader may imagine certain acquaintances who may exhibit a rather strong desire for uniqueness; conversely, other acquaintances may be rather low in their desire for uniqueness. And how do you, the reader, estimate your desire for uniqueness? Perhaps after reading the present chapter, which reports the development and validation of an individual differences measure of a need for uniqueness, the reader may begin to more specifically answer this latter question.

Keywords

Research Participant Career Interest Control Comparison Group Uniqueness Scale Athletic Ability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Borden, R. J. & Kreiger, W. Sex differences in social anxiety: A multivariate examination. Unpublished manuscript, Purdue University, 1977.Google Scholar
  2. Brandt, J. M. Behavioral validation of a scale measuring need for uniqueness. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Purdue University, 1976.Google Scholar
  3. Crowne, D. P., & Marlowe, D. The approval motive: Studies in evaluative dependence. New York: Wiley, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. Fromkin, H. L., & Lipshitz, R. A construct validity method of scale development: The Uniqueness Scale. Institute for Research in the Behavioral, Economic, and Management Sciences (Paper No. 591 ). West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University, 1976.Google Scholar
  5. Ganster, D., McCuddy, M., & Fromkin, H. L. Similarity and undistinctiveness as determinants of favorable and unfavorable changes in self-esteem. Paper presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, 1977.Google Scholar
  6. Horton, D. L., Marlowe, D., & Crowne, D. P. The effect of instructional set and need for social approval on commonality of word association responses. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1963, 66, 67–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jackson, D. N. Personality Research Form Manual. Goshen, N.Y.: Research Psychologists Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  8. Marshall, H. L. Hold to your dream. Denver: Helvern Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  9. Phares, E. J. Locus of control in personality. Morristown, N.J.: General Learning Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  10. Rotter, J. Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 1966, 80(1, Whole No. 609).Google Scholar
  11. Snyder, C. R. Need for uniqueness and the uniqueness wheel exercise. Unpublished manuscript, University of Kansas, 1979.Google Scholar
  12. Snyder, C. R., & Fromkin, H. L. Abnormality as a positive characteristic: The development and validation of a scale measuring need for uniqueness. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1977, 86, 518–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. Snyder
    • 1
  • Howard L. Fromkin
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.York UniversityDownsviewCanada

Personalised recommendations