The Psychological Aspects of Immobilization
Until recent decades, the concept of immobilization, when thought of at all, conjured up visions of purely physical restraints such as body casts, restraining straps, or confinement to bed. Although certain obvious physical side effects of immobilization were recognized quite early in medical practice, they were generally regarded as unfortunate but sometimes necessary. And there the matter rested.
KeywordsSocial Isolation Physical Inactivity Physical Restriction Psychological Aspect Sensory Stimulation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 3.Merriam-Webster. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts, 1967. G. & C. Merriam Co.Google Scholar
- 4.Spencer, W. A., Vallbona, C., and Carter, R. E. Physiologic concepts of immobilization. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehab. 46:1, 1965.Google Scholar
- 5.Becker, R. D. Recent developments in child psychiatry—clinical paediatrics liaison consultation. I. The restrictive emotional and cognitive environment reconsidered—a redefinition of the concept of therapeutic restraint. Isr. Ann. Psychiatry Relat. Discip. 13:239, 1975.Google Scholar
- 11.Freedman, S., Grunebaum, H., and Greenblatt, M. Perceptual and cognitive changes in sensory deprivation. In: Sensory Deprivation (Philip Solomon et al., eds.). Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1961. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- 19.Heron, W. The pathology of boredom. In: Frontiers of Psychosocial Research (D. Coppersmith, ed.). San Francisco California, 1966. Freeman Press.Google Scholar
- 21.Lilly, J. C. Mental effects of physical restraint and of reduction of ordinary levels of physical stimuli on intact, healthy persons. Psychiatr. Res. Rep. 5:1, 1956.Google Scholar
- 22.Heron, W., Bexton, W. H., and Hebb, D. O. Cognitive effects of a decreased variation to the sensory environment. Am. Psychol. 8:366, 1953.Google Scholar
- 24.Vernon, D. T. A., Foley, J. M., Sipowicwz, R. R., and Schulman, J. L. Psychological Responses of Children to Hospitalization and Illness. Springfield, Illinois, 1965. Charles C Thomas.Google Scholar
- 26.Litman, T. J. The Influence of Concept of Self and Life Orientation Factors upon the Rehabilitation of Orthopedic Patients. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univeisity of Minnesota, 1961.Google Scholar
- 27.Sussman, M. B. Rehabilitation and Tuberculosis. Cleveland, Ohio, 1964. Western Reserve University.Google Scholar
- 28.Bolton, B. F., Butler, A. J., and Wright, G. N. Clinical versus Statistical Prediction of Client Feasibility. Madison, 1968. The University of Wisconsin Regional Rehabilitation Research Institute.Google Scholar
- 29.Roth, A., and Eddy, E. M. Rehabilitation for the Unwanted. New York, 1967. Atherton Press.Google Scholar