The Psychological Aspects of Immobilization

  • Randy L. Hammer
  • Emily H. Kenan
Part of the Topics in Bone and Mineral Disorders book series (TBMD)


Until recent decades, the concept of immobilization, when thought of at all, conjured up visions of purely physical restraints such as body casts, restraining straps, or confinement to bed. Although certain obvious physical side effects of immobilization were recognized quite early in medical practice, they were generally regarded as unfortunate but sometimes necessary. And there the matter rested.


Social Isolation Physical Inactivity Physical Restriction Psychological Aspect Sensory Stimulation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Randy L. Hammer
  • Emily H. Kenan

There are no affiliations available

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